Does a dose-response relationship reduce sensitivity to hidden bias?

@article{Rosenbaum2003DoesAD,
  title={Does a dose-response relationship reduce sensitivity to hidden bias?},
  author={Paul R. Rosenbaum},
  journal={Biostatistics},
  year={2003},
  volume={4 1},
  pages={1-10}
}
It is often said that an important consideration in judging whether an association between treatment and response is causal is the presence or absence of a dose-response relationship, that is, larger ostensible treatment effects when doses of treatment are larger. This criterion is widely discussed in textbooks and is often mentioned in empirical papers. At the same time, it is well known through both important examples and elementary theory that a treatment may cause dramatic effects with no… CONTINUE READING

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