Does Strengthening Self-Defense Law Deter Crime or Escalate Violence?: Evidence from Expansions to Castle Doctrine

@article{Cheng2013DoesSS,
  title={Does Strengthening Self-Defense Law Deter Crime or Escalate Violence?: Evidence from Expansions to Castle Doctrine},
  author={Cheng Cheng and Cheng Mark Hoekstra},
  journal={Journal of Human Resources},
  year={2013},
  volume={48},
  pages={821 - 853}
}
From 2000 to 2010, more than 20 states passed so-called "Castle Doctrine" or "stand your ground" laws. These laws expand the legal justification for the use of lethal force in self-defense, thereby lowering the expected cost of using lethal force and increasing the expected cost of committing violent crime. This paper exploits the within-state variation in self-defense law to examine their effect on homicides and violent crime. Results indicate the laws do not deter burglary, robbery, or… Expand
Self-defense Policy, Justified Homicides, and Race
I use police records to explore whether changing self defense policies, known as Stand Your Ground, have differential effects across race. I find that implementing these policies leads to anExpand
Expanding the Castle: Explaining Stand Your Ground Legislation in American States, 2005–2012
Although studies have analyzed the effects of “stand your ground” (SYG) laws on violent crime, the question of why states are more likely to take measures to allow gun violence (albeit inExpand
Stand Your Ground laws, homicides and gun deaths
ABSTRACT An increased recognition of the possibility of treatment heterogeneities of policy changes has resulted in the rise of comparative case studies. Our analysis uses the synthetic controlExpand
Self‐Defense and Violence against Women in the United States
Feminist jurisprudence has helped expand “reasonable man” standards of self-defense to account for women's history of discrimination and trauma histories. When using violence in intimateExpand
Anger and Support for Punitive Justice in Mexico ’ s Drug War
How does exposure to criminal violence shape attitudes towards justice? We argue that outrage after violence increases the demand for punitiveness, even at the expense of the rule of law. We test ourExpand
How Stand-Your-Ground Laws Hijacked Self-Defense
In 2005 Florida passed the nation’s first so-called stand-your-ground law. By 2014 stand-your-ground laws had been passed in thirty-three states, transforming the legal landscape of self-defense.Expand
Self-defense Regulations and Crime
This paper uncovers the mechanism behind the relaxation of self-defense regulations with an empirical analysis followed by a game theoretical model. We obtained empirical evidence from examining theExpand
Self-defense in the United States: A review of the literature
This literature review examines self-defense as a general concept and in the context of specific legal doctrines. It looks at general issues of self-defense, such as philosophical principles,Expand
Exploring Racial Disparities of Victimization in Three Core Dimensions of Stand Your Ground Law: The Case of Florida
‘Stand Your Ground’ (SYG) laws continue to be a source of controversy, even more so after the shooting death of an unarmed black teen in Florida, Trayvon Martin. Upon abolishing the ‘duty toExpand
Anger and Support for Retribution in Mexico’s Drug War
How does exposure to violence shape attitudes towards justice and the rule of law? We argue that anger following violence increases the demand for retribution, even at the expense of the rule of law.Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 48 REFERENCES
Crime control through the private use of armed force
Legal defensive violence by private citizens armed with firearms is a significant form of social control in the United States. Evidence indicates that private gun use against violent criminals andExpand
Gunsmoke and Legal Mirrors: Women Surviving Intimate Battery and Deadly Legal Doctrines
Written directly following the passage of the controversial “Stand Your Ground” Act, this article illuminates the circumstances of Florida's adoption of that piece of legislation. In 2005, theExpand
Concealed-gun-carrying laws and violent crime: evidence from state panel data
A recent study concludes that permissive concealed-handgun carrying (or "shall-issue") laws have sharply reduced crime rates, including the rate of homicide. Their method has been critiqued byExpand
Stand Your Ground Laws and Homicides
The controversies surrounding Stand Your Ground laws have recently captured the nation's attention. Since 2005, eighteen states have passed laws extending the right to self-defense with no duty toExpand
More Guns, Less Crime
  • L. R.
  • Political Science
  • 2010
On its initial publication in 1998, John R. Lott’s More Guns, Less Crime drew both lavish praise and heated criticism. More than a decade later, it continues to play a key role in ongoing argumentsExpand
Criminal Deterrence, Geographic Spillovers, and the Right to Carry Concealed Handguns
Increased law enforcement or penalties may deter crime, but they may also cause criminals to move to other crimes or other areas. This paper examines whether the adopting a shall issue concealedExpand
Crime, Deterrence, and Right‐to‐Carry Concealed Handguns
Using cross‐sectional time‐series data for U.S. counties from 1977 to 1992, we find that allowing citizens to carry concealed weapons deters violent crimes, without increasing accidental deaths. IfExpand
Do Police Reduce Crime? Estimates using the Allocation of Police Forces after a Terrorist Attack
An important challenge in the crime literature is to isolate causal effects of police on crime. Following a terrorist attack on the main Jewish center in the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina, in JulyExpand
Do Police Reduce Crime ? Estimates Using the Allocation of Police Forces After a Terrorist Attack
An important challenge in the crime literature is to isolate causal effects of police on crime. Following a terrorist attack on the main Jewish center in Buenos Aires, Argentina, in July 1994, allExpand
Homicide in black and white
African-Americans are six times as likely as white Americans to die at the hands of a murderer, and roughly seven times as likely to murder someone. Young black men are 15 times as likely to beExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...