Does Sexual Orientation Precede Childhood Sexual Abuse? Childhood Gender Nonconformity as a Risk Factor and Instrumental Variable Analysis

  title={Does Sexual Orientation Precede Childhood Sexual Abuse? Childhood Gender Nonconformity as a Risk Factor and Instrumental Variable Analysis},
  author={Yin Xu and Yong Zheng},
  journal={Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment},
  pages={786 - 802}
  • Yin Xu, Yong Zheng
  • Published 2017
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment
Research suggests that there is a relation between childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and adulthood nonheterosexual orientation. To explore whether nonheterosexual orientation increases the risk of CSA, we recruited a large sample, added the variable of childhood gender nonconformity (CGNC), and applied the instrumental variable method. We found that heterosexual and nonheterosexual men who were more gender nonconforming in childhood were significantly more likely to report having a history of CSA… Expand

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