Does Self-Defense Training Prevent Sexual Violence Against Women?

@article{Hollander2014DoesST,
  title={Does Self-Defense Training Prevent Sexual Violence Against Women?},
  author={Jocelyn A. Hollander},
  journal={Violence Against Women},
  year={2014},
  volume={20},
  pages={252 - 269}
}
Self-defense classes are offered across the nation as a strategy for reducing women’s vulnerability to sexual assault. Yet there has been little systematic research assessing the effectiveness of these classes. In this article, I use data from a mixed methods study of a 10-week, university-based, feminist self-defense class to examine the effectiveness of self-defense training over a 1-year follow-up period. My analyses indicate that women who participate in self-defense training are less… Expand

Figures, Tables, and Topics from this paper

The importance of self-defense training for sexual violence prevention
Women’s self-defense training has been excluded from sexual violence prevention efforts for a variety of reasons, including concerns that it is ineffective, encourages victim blaming, neglectsExpand
Rape Aggression Defense: Unique Self-Efficacy Benefits for Survivors of Sexual Trauma
TLDR
Self-defense training confers benefits for survivors above and beyond benefits for other participants, and sexual trauma history significantly predicted pre-training interpersonal self-efficacy and post-training self-defense self- efficacy. Expand
Teaching About Empowerment Self-Defense Training for Sexual Assault Prevention: Recommendations for Feminist Instruction in Psychology
Sexual and gender-based violence factors prominently in the lives of college women. In a systematic review of studies using large scale representative data on female undergraduates, Muehlenhard andExpand
A Critical Review of Sexual Violence Prevention on College Campuses
TLDR
An extensive review of sexual-violence interventions examining perpetration and victimization as outcomes with U.S college students recommends using separate gender programs, as those targeting alcohol use and self-defense have shown the most promise for women and those addressing consent have shownThe most promise with men. Expand
College Women’s Perceptions of and Inclination to Use Campus Sexual Assault Resources
TLDR
The results underscore the need for colleges and universities to improve sexual assault service provision for students, especially women with sexual victimization histories. Expand
Feminist Self-Defense and Resistance Training for College Students
TLDR
Self-defense training and resistance training should be combined with bystander intervention and men's programs with the goal of providing synergistic effects on rape reduction, and outcome research that examines the role of contextual factors and women’s victimization histories is needed. Expand
Empowerment Self-Defense Training in a Community Population
Nearly all research on the effects of women’s self-defense training examines college age or, less frequently, adolescent populations. This study broadens that focus by evaluating the effectiveness ofExpand
Testing a Model of How a Sexual Assault Resistance Education Program for Women Reduces Sexual Assaults
The Enhanced Assess, Acknowledge, Act (EAAA) program has been shown to reduce sexual assaults experienced by university students who identify as women. Prevention researchers emphasize testingExpand
Constructing Victims: The Erasure of Women's Resistance to Sexual Assault
How do the news media portray women's resistance to sexual assault? We analyze articles from a systematic sample of 16 U.S. newspapers across 1 full calendar year to assess whether and how newspapersExpand
Changing the Hidden Curriculum of Campus Rape Prevention and Education: Women’s Self-Defense as a Key Protective Factor for a Public Health Model of Prevention
TLDR
It is shown, through an examination of campus rape prevention efforts framed as “primary prevention,” that self-defense is routinely excluded, which creates a hidden curriculum that preserves a gender status quo even while it strives for change. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 58 REFERENCES
“I Can Take Care of Myself”
TLDR
It is suggested that self-defense classes are life transforming because they address three issues central to women’s lives: fear of sexual assault, self, and gender. Expand
Self-Defense or Assertiveness Training and Women’s Responses to Sexual Attacks
TLDR
Investigating the relationship of self-defense or assertiveness training and women’s physical and psychological responses to subsequent rape attacks showed that victims with preassault training were more likely to say that their resistance stopped the offender or made him less aggressive than victims without training. Expand
Self-defense training for college women.
  • N. Cummings
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of American college health : J of ACH
  • 1992
TLDR
This article explores the effectiveness of self-defense training for college women, reviews the relevant literature, outlines practical suggestions for initiatives in this area, and describes a model self- defense course at one university. Expand
Evaluation outcomes of self-defense training for women: A review
The main goal of women's self-defense training is to strengthen women's capacity to defend themselves against potential attacks. Yet, the effects of women's self-defense training extend considerablyExpand
The Evaluation of a Sexual Assault Self-Defense and Risk-Reduction Program for College Women: A Prospective Study
The present study evaluated the efficacy of a sexual assault risk-reduction program that included a physical self-defense component for college women (N = 500). Program group women significantlyExpand
Evaluation of a Sexual Assault Risk Reduction and Self-Defense Program: A Prospective Analysis of a Revised Protocol
The current study extends the development and evaluation of an existing and previously evaluated sexual assault risk reduction program with a self-defense component for college women (N = 300). TheExpand
An Evaluation of an Acquaintance Rape Prevention Program
The present study was designed to assess the effectiveness of a sexual assault prevention program on college students' rape-related attitudes and experiences with sexual aggression and victimization.Expand
Emancipatory Sexuality Education and Sexual Assault Resistance
The current study examined whether adding emancipatory sexuality education, which encourages the exploration of women’s own sexual values and desires, to a sexual assault resistance program wouldExpand
Sexual assault on college campuses: Is an ounce of prevention enough?
Abstract This article provides a construct-by-construct review of the effectiveness of sexual asault prevention programs in modifying sexual assault-related attitudes, cognitions, emotions, andExpand
Self-defense training and women's fear of crime☆
Abstract This study investigated the relationship between self-defense training and women's fear of crime and feelings of physical competence. Forty-nine women enrolled in Positive ActionExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...