Does Oil Wealth Affect Democracy in Africa

@article{Anyanwu2014DoesOW,
  title={Does Oil Wealth Affect Democracy in Africa},
  author={John C. Anyanwu and Andrew E. O. Erhijakpor},
  journal={African Development Review},
  year={2014},
  volume={26},
  pages={15-37}
}
This paper uses recent data on historical oil wealth to provide new evidence on the effect of oil wealth on democracy in Africa from 1955 to 2008. We find that oil wealth is statistically associated with a lower likelihood of democratization when we estimate the relationship in a pooled cross-sectional and time-series setting. In addition, when estimated using fixed effects and IV-2SLS methods, the strong negative statistical association continues to hold. Indeed, this result is robust to the… Expand
Revisiting the oil and democracy nexus : New evidence utilizing V-DEM democracy data in a GMM PVAR framework
This study re-examines the validity of oil-hinders-democracy hypothesis by comparing the long-term effects of oil abundance and oil dependence democracies individually. Based on five novel measuresExpand
New evidence on the oil-democracy nexus utilising the Varieties of Democracy data
Abstract This study re-examines the oil and democracy nexus, which is central to the political resource curse by applying the latest democracy dataset, V-DEM, into the analysis in a sample of 100Expand
Oil wealth, ethno-religious-linguistic fractionalization and democracy in the Middle East and North Africa
We empirically examine the effect of oil wealth and ethno-religious-linguistic fractionalization on democracy in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), by using two different estimation strategiesExpand
Autocratic Survival Strategies: Does Oil Make a Difference?
  • Phoebe W. Ishak
  • Economics
  • Peace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy
  • 2019
Abstract This paper examines the behavior of dictators when faced by an imminent threat of being overthrown in oil abundant countries. In the short run, the dictator’s survival strategies is arguedExpand
Is the Threat of Foreign Aid Withdrawal an Effective Deterrent to Political Oppression? Evidence from 53 African Countries
Abstract: This article complements existing literature on the aid-institutions nexus by focusing on political rights, aid volatilities, and the post-Berlin Wall period. Our findings show that, whileExpand
Institutions and Poverty: A Critical Comment Based on Evolving Currents and Debates
Tebaldi and Mohan (Journal of Development Studies 46:1047–1066, 2010) have established an empirical relationship between institutions and monetary poverty. We first, reflect their findings in theExpand
Natural Resource Wealth – a Blessing or a Curse for Democracy?
The tendency of regimes, richly endowed with natural resources, to be more authoritarian than those without such resources, is a prominent feature for discussion within political theoreticalExpand
Is the Threat of Foreign Aid Withdrawal an Effective Deterrent to Political Oppression? Evidence from 53 African Countries
This study complements existing literature on the aid-institutions nexus by focusing on political rights, aid volatilities and the post-Berlin Wall period. The findings show that while foreign aidExpand
On the Empirics of Institutions and Quality of Growth: Evidence for Developing Countries
We explore a newly available dataset on quality of growth to investigate the effect of institutions on growth quality in 93 developing countries for the period 1990 to 2011. Quality of institutionsExpand
Rational Asymmetric Development, Piketty and the Spirit of Poverty in Africa
The study extends the implications of Piketty’s celebrated literature from developed countries to the nexus between developed nations and African countries by building on responses from Rogoff (2014)Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 104 REFERENCES
Oil and democracy: More than a cross-country correlation?
This article revisits the empirical relationship between oil and democracy. Existing studies establish a negative cross-country correlation between oil and democracy in a Pooled OLS framework. ThisExpand
But seriously: does oil really hinder democracy?
Recent studies have disputed the claim that 'oil hinders democracy,' or raised questions about the causal mechanisms behind it. I re-examine the question of petroleum wealth and regime type, usingExpand
Oil Wealth and Regime Survival in the Developing World
The global oil market and its associated booms and busts have generated a large literature in political science. One contention in this literature is that political instability is a near-certain,Expand
Reestablishing the Income-Democracy Nexus
A number of recent empirical studies have cast doubt on the "modernization theory" of democratization, which posits that increases in income are conducive to increases in democracy levels. This doubtExpand
POLITICAL DEMOCRACY AND THE SIZE DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME
This paper reviews the major theoretical arguments that link political democracy with economic inequality. It then shows that previous empirical analyses of the linkage have produced inconclusiveExpand
Does Oil Hinder Democracy?
Some scholars suggest that the Middle East's oil wealth helps explain its failure to democratize. This article examines three aspects of this "oil impedes democracy" claim. First, is it true? DoesExpand
Oil and Conflict: What Does the Cross-Country Evidence Really Show?
This paper examines the effect of oil abundance on political violence. First, we revisit one of the main empirical findings of the civil conflict literature that oil abundance causes civil war. UsingExpand
Oil and Democracy: Endogenous Natural Resources and the Political “Resource Curse”
Abstract By the end of the twentieth century, a scholarly consensus emerged around the idea that oil fuels authoritarianism and slow growth. The natural abundance once thought to be a blessing wasExpand
Natural Resources, Democracy and Corruption
We study how natural resources can feed corruption and how this effect depends on the quality of the democratic institutions. Our game-theoretic model predicts that natural resources lead to anExpand
Reevaluating the Modernization Hypothesis
This paper revisits and critically re-evaluates the widely-accepted modernization hypothesis which claims that per capita income causes the creation and the consolidation of democracy. We argue thatExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...