Does Gymnastics Training Inhibit Growth of Females?

@article{Caine2001DoesGT,
  title={Does Gymnastics Training Inhibit Growth of Females?},
  author={Dennis J. Caine and R Lewis and Patrick O’Connor and Warren B. Howe and Shona L Bass},
  journal={Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine},
  year={2001},
  volume={11},
  pages={260-270}
}
OBJECTIVE The increasingly dominant performance of smaller-sized female gymnasts and increased magnitude of training beginning at an early age have prompted public and medical concerns, especially from an auxological perspective. [...] Key MethodDATA SOURCES An extensive research of MedLine (PubMed interface) along with cross-referencing was conducted using the Text and MeSH words "gymnastics" in combination with "growth," "maturation," "body height," "body weight," and "growth plate."Expand
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TLDR
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GYMNASTICS AND THE FEMALE ATHLETE TRIAD : REALITY OR MYTH ?
In sports that require low body weight, it is questioned whether the high frequency and intensity of training can compromise growth and maturation. Aim was to evaluate the influence of gymnastics on
The Physique of Elite Female Artistic Gymnasts: A Systematic Review
TLDR
In conclusion, gymnasts, as a group, have unique pronounced characteristics that are likely due to selection for naturally-occurring inherited traits.
The impact of intensive high performance training on adult height of female artistic gymnasts: a retrospective study
The purpose of this study was to identify the potential impact of the high performance training on the anthropometric and maturational characteristics of female artistic gymnasts and to compare the
AGE AMONG OLYMPIC WOMEN ' S ARTISTIC GYMNASTICS . DOES IT REALLY MATTER ?
Chronological age and its contribution to the performance quality of female gymnasts have been the subject of discussion for years. The aim of the study was to determine did the chronological age had
Age effects among elite male gymnasts
Chronological age is a discussable theme in artistic gymnastics for years; relative age effect is a worldwide phenomenon described as the consequences of age variations between individuals competing
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The results of this critical review of the scientific literature support the plausibility of stress-related distal radius physical arrest with secondary URLD, however, the strength of evidence is inadequate to be conclusive.
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It is concluded that heavy training in gymnastics (> 18 hr/wk), starting before puberty and maintained throughout puberty, can alter growth rate to such an extent that full adult height will not be reached.
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TLDR
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TLDR
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Although the gymnasts had had a delayed puberty, no difference was found in total body or spinal BMA compared to the healthy controls and their normal BMA in early adulthood could reflect a catch‐up due to a combination of decreasing athletic activity, normal menstrual cycles and intake of OCs.
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