Does Gymnastics Training Inhibit Growth of Females?

  title={Does Gymnastics Training Inhibit Growth of Females?},
  author={Dennis J. Caine and Richard Lewis and Patrick O’Connor and Warren B. Howe and Shona L Bass},
  journal={Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine},
OBJECTIVE The increasingly dominant performance of smaller-sized female gymnasts and increased magnitude of training beginning at an early age have prompted public and medical concerns, especially from an auxological perspective. [] Key MethodDATA SOURCES An extensive research of MedLine (PubMed interface) along with cross-referencing was conducted using the Text and MeSH words "gymnastics" in combination with "growth," "maturation," "body height," "body weight," and "growth plate."

Does Elite Competition Inhibit Growth and Delay Maturation in Some Gymnasts? Quite Possibly

There is compelling "circumstantial" evidence to build a case that preparation for advanced gymnastics competition may place some children and youth at risk of reduced growth and delayed maturation.

Role of Intensive Training in the Growth and Maturation of Artistic Gymnasts

Adult height or near adult height of female and male artistic gymnasts is not compromised by intensive gymnastics training, and gymnnastics training does not appear to attenuate pubertal growth and maturation.

Does Elite Competition Inhibit Growth and Delay Maturation in Some Gymnasts? Probably Not

It is maintained that no viable evidence is available to support the contention that sports training adversely effect growth, and those who argue that so called ‘catch-up’ growth observed after reduced or cessation of training provides compelling evidence that growth is affected are wrong.

Growth of highly versus moderately trained competitive female artistic gymnasts.

Advanced-and intermediate-training level competitive female gymnasts tend to exhibit an adolescent growth spurt that is similar in timing and tempo to short, normal, slowly maturing girls, but the high frequency of growth faltering suggests that training may alter the tempo of growth and maturation in some, but not all,Female gymnasts.


Competitive gymnastics influences body composition but does not appear to compromise nutritional status, normal progression of puberty, bone mass and genetically defined final height, and these results question the concept of FAT.

The Physique of Elite Female Artistic Gymnasts: A Systematic Review

In conclusion, gymnasts, as a group, have unique pronounced characteristics that are likely due to selection for naturally-occurring inherited traits.

The impact of intensive high performance training on adult height of female artistic gymnasts: a retrospective study

The purpose of this study was to identify the potential impact of the high performance training on the anthropometric and maturational characteristics of female artistic gymnasts and to compare the


Chronological age and its contribution to the performance quality of female gymnasts have been the subject of discussion for years. The aim of the study was to determine did the chronological age had

Age effects among elite male gymnasts

Chronological age is a discussable theme in artistic gymnastics for years; relative age effect is a worldwide phenomenon described as the consequences of age variations between individuals competing



Does Repetitive Physical Loading Inhibit Radial Growth in Female Gymnasts

The results of this critical review of the scientific literature support the plausibility of stress-related distal radius physical arrest with secondary URLD, however, the strength of evidence is inadequate to be conclusive.

Evidence for a reduction of growth potential in adolescent female gymnasts.

Growth and menarcheal status of elite female gymnasts.

Compared with adolescent girls, elite gymnasts are considerably shorter and lighter with narrower shoulders and hips, but the differences are more apparent after 17 yr, but they have proportionally broader shoulders relative to hips, and there is little variation in somatotype with age.

Peripubertal perturbations in elite gymnasts caused by sport specific training regimes and inadequate nutritional intake.

There is a peripubertal change favouring fat mass over muscle mass in females while there is a net gain of muscle mass during pubertal development in males.

Growth patterns of elite French-Canadian female gymnasts.

  • J. Salmela
  • Education
    Canadian journal of applied sport sciences. Journal canadien des sciences appliquees au sport
  • 1979
In comparison to other reference groups of female gymnasts tested over the last 10 years, these elite competiters were younger, smaller, and lighter reflecting the present day trends.

Growth and pubertal development of young female gymnasts and swimmers: a correlation with parental data.

A longitudinal growth study of young elite female gymnasts and moderatelytrained swimmers and moderately trained swimmers found patterns of recalled parental growth and pubertal maturation were compared with those of parents of 25 sedentary school girls, and parents of gymnasts were significantly lighter and shorter than parents of swimmers or controls.

Pubertal development in elite juvenile gymnasts: Effects of physical training

As a group, the gymnasts had a significantly delayed age of menarche compared to the control group and to normal Swedish girls, and had significantly less body fat and were shorter and lighter than the controls.

A nutrition study in juvenile elite gymnasts

The clinical investigation revealed that several gymnasts had delayed menarche or irregular menstruation as well as less body fat than the reference group, which could partly explain their smaller amounts of body fat, late pubertal development and menstrual patterns.

Bone mineral content of young female former gymnasts

Although the gymnasts had had a delayed puberty, no difference was found in total body or spinal BMA compared to the healthy controls and their normal BMA in early adulthood could reflect a catch‐up due to a combination of decreasing athletic activity, normal menstrual cycles and intake of OCs.

Selected body composition and growth measures of junior elite gymnasts.