Does Erythropoietin Have a Dark Side? Epo Signaling and Cancer Cells

  title={Does Erythropoietin Have a Dark Side? Epo Signaling and Cancer Cells},
  author={Arthur J. Sytkowski},
  journal={Science's STKE},
  pages={pe38 - pe38}
  • A. Sytkowski
  • Published 17 July 2007
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Science's STKE
Erythropoietin (Epo) stimulates red blood cell production by docking with its cognate receptor on the erythroid progenitor cell and triggering an array of signaling pathways that inhibit apoptosis and promote cell proliferation and differentiation. In its pharmaceutical forms, epoetin and darbepoetin, Epo is widely used to treat various anemias, including those associated with cancer. The Epo receptor is also expressed by nonhematopoietic cells, including cancer cells, and Epo exhibits a… 

Erythropoietin and Cancer: The Unintended Consequences of Anemia Correction

This article presents a short discussion of EPO, receptors involved in EPO signal transduction, and their action on non-hematopoietic cells, followed by a more detailed presentation of both pre-clinical and clinical data that demonstrate EPO’s action on cancer cells, as well as tumor angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis.

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Erythropoietin Stimulates Tumor Growth via EphB4.

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A careful gathering of Epo/EpoR biomolecular information enabled us to assemble an unexpected jigsaw puzzle which could explain most of the controversies of preclinical and clinical studies.

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Erythropoietin mediates tissue protection through an erythropoietin and common beta-subunit heteroreceptor.

  • M. BrinesG. Grasso A. Cerami
  • Biology, Medicine
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2004
The hypothesis that betacR in combination with the EpoR expressed by nonhematopoietic cells constitutes a tissue-protective receptor is hypothesized and supported, as predicted, neither Epo nor CEpo was active in cardiomyocyte or spinal cord injury models performed in the betac R knockout mouse.

Erythropoietin regulates tumour growth of human malignancies.

The findings suggest that Epo is indispensable for the growth and viability of malignant tumour and also that the deprivation of Epo signalling may be a promising therapy for human malignancy.

Erythropoietin has a mitogenic and positive chemotactic effect on endothelial cells.

An endothelial cell protein of 45 kDa is identified as the principal receptor associated with this mitogenic effect of erythropoietin on human umbilical vein endothelial cells and bovine adrenal capillary endothelial Cells.

Erythropoietin signaling promotes invasiveness of human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.

A role for autocrine or paracrine Epo signaling in the malignant progression and local invasiveness of head and neck cancer is supported and may also be activated by recombinant Epo therapy and could potentially produce detrimental effects in rhEpo-treated cancer patients.

Expression of erythropoietin receptor splice variants in human cancer.

Expression of Erythropoietin and Erythropoietin Receptor in Cervical Cancer and Relationship to Survival, Hypoxia, and Apoptosis

The data suggest a critical role of the endogenous Epo/EpoR system in cervical cancer and their relationship with intratumoral pO2 levels as well as with survival in patients with cervical cancer.

Erythropoietin stimulates growth and STAT5 phosphorylation in human prostate epithelial and prostate cancer cells

Erythropoietin (Epo), the principal regulator of erythroid progenitor survival, growth, and differentiation, initiates its action by binding to its cognate cell surface receptor (EpoR). EpoR have