Does Entry Regulation Hinder Job Creation? Evidence from the French Retail Industry

@article{Bertrand2002DoesER,
  title={Does Entry Regulation Hinder Job Creation? Evidence from the French Retail Industry},
  author={Marianne Bertrand and Francis Kramarz},
  journal={Labor: Supply \& Demand},
  year={2002}
}
Does entry regulation hinder job creation? We investigate this question in the context of the French retail industry, a sector that has experienced especially low rates of job creation over the last 25 years. Since the early 70s, the French government has required regional zoning board approval for the creation or extension of any large retail store. Using a unique database that provides time and regional variation in boards' approval decisions, we show that this requirement created barriers to… 

Do Entry Regulations Deter Entrepreneurship and Job Creation? Evidence from Recent Reforms in Portugal

Recent research has suggested that the reduction of entry regulation can promote firm entry and job creation, but little is known about the quality of firms and jobs created through these reforms. To

Entry Regulations and Labor Market Outcomes: Evidence from the Italian Retail Trade Sector

The paper analyzes the relationship between barriers to entry and employment in the Italian retail trade sector. In Italy the opening of large outlets is regulated at the regional level. By using

Entry Barriers in Italian Retail Trade

The 1998 reform of the Italian retail trade sector delegated to the regional governments the regulation of entry of large retail shops. We use the local variation in regulation to determine the

Entry Barriers in Retail Trade

The 1998 reform of the Italian retail trade sector delegated the regulation of entry of large stores to the regional governments. We use the local variation in regulation to determine the effects of

Entry Barriers in Retail Trade ∗ Fabiano

The 1998 reform of the Italian retail trade sector delegated the regulation of entry of large stores to the regional governments. We use the local variation in regulation to determine the effects of

CeLEG Working Paper Series ENTRY BARRIERS IN RETAIL TRADE

The 1998 reform of the Italian retail trade sector delegated the regulation of entry of large stores to the regional governments. We use the local variation in regulation to determine the effects of

Product Market Deregulation and Employment Outcomes: Evidence from the German Retail Sector

This paper investigates the short- and medium-term effects of the deregulation of shopopening hours legislation on retail employment in Germany. In 2006, the legislative competence was shifted from

Entry Regulation in Retail Markets

We survey the empirical literature analyzing the consequences of entry regulation in retail industries. We begin by providing some background on the most common forms of entry regulation and their

Business Environment and Firm Entry: Evidence from International Data

Using a comprehensive database of firms in Western and Eastern Europe, we study how the business environment in a country drives the creation of new firms. Our focus is on regulations governing

Labor Regulation, Employment and Informality: Evidence from the Retail Sector in India

A new dataset of 1,948 retail stores in India compiled by the World Bank's Enterprise Surveys shows that 27% of the stores find labor regulations as a problem for their business. Using these data we
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 23 REFERENCES

Promoting Product Market Competition to Reduce Unemployment in Europe: An Alternative Approach?

In this paper, we employ general equilibrium reasoning to review whether product market reforms could help to reduce unemployment in Europe. We consider three potential effects of product market

Labor Rent Sharing and Regulation: Evidence from the Trucking Industry

  • N. Rose
  • Economics
    Journal of Political Economy
  • 1987
Labor is likely to be an important claimant to firms' rents, particularly in a regulated environment. This study analyzes wage responses to trucking deregulation to test labor rent-sharing

Labor market institutions and economic performance

Barely a day goes by without some expert telling us how the continental European economies are about to disintegrate unless their labour markets become more flexible. Basically, we are told, Europe

The Division of Spoils: Rent-Sharing and Discrimination in a Regulated Industry

Until the middle of the 1970s, regulations constrained banks' ability to enter new markets. Over the subsequent 25 years, states gradually lifted these restrictions. This paper tests whether rents

Deregulation and Labor Earnings in the Airline Industry

This paper uses a variety of data sources to study the effect of deregulation on the structure of wages in the airline industry. Microdata from the 1980 and 1990 Censuses show a 10 percent decline in

Changes in the Relative Structure of Wages and Employment: A Comparison of the United States, Canada, and France

Standard models suggest that adverse labor demand shocks will lead to bigger employment losses if institutional factors like minimum wages and trade unions prevent downward wage adjustments. Some

International Differences in Male Wage Inequality: Institutions versus Market Forces

This paper studies the considerably higher level of wage inequality in the United States than in nine other OECD countries. We find that the greater overall U.S. wage dispersion primarily reflects

Deregulation and the Labor Market

This paper examines the earnings and employment effect of deregulation in the trucking, railroad, airlines, and telecommunications industries. Findings on nonmanagement workers suggest labor earnings