Does Electoral Competition Exacerbate Interethnic or Interpartisan Economic Discrimination? Evidence from a Field Experiment in Market Price Bargaining

  title={Does Electoral Competition Exacerbate Interethnic or Interpartisan Economic Discrimination? Evidence from a Field Experiment in Market Price Bargaining},
  author={Kristin Michelitch},
  journal={American Political Science Review},
  pages={43 - 61}
Does political competition exacerbate economic discrimination between citizens on ethnic or partisan cleavages? Individuals often discriminate on group lines in ordinary economic activities, especially in low-income settings. Political competition, and thus mobilization of partisan and ethnic groups, waxes and wanes over the electoral cycle. This study therefore investigates discrimination over the electoral cycle in a commonplace yet consequential economic activity: market price bargaining. By… 
Competing cleavages in sub-Saharan Africa? How economic distance affects ethnic bloc politics
Does economic standing cross-cut ethnicity in African electoral politics? In many countries in the region, ethnicity appears to be a major consideration in individuals' political decision-making.
Competitive Elections, Status Anxieties, and the Relative Strength of Ethnic versus National Identification in Africa
Research shows that ethnic identification increases on the eve of competitive elections in Africa, but does it do so at the expense of national solidarities? Do competitive elections exacerbate the
Overcoming or Reinforcing Coethnic Preferences ? An Experiment on Information and Ethnic Voting ∗
Social scientists often characterize ethnic politics as a threat to democracy and growth, and recent scholarship investigates factors that could exacerbate or alleviate it. A dominant view— that
Political Competition, Partisanship and Interpersonal Trust in Electoral Democracies
How does democratic politics inform the interdisciplinary debate on the evolution of human co-operation and the social preferences (for example, trust, altruism and reciprocity) that support it? This
Political Competition, Partisanship, and Interpersonal Trust Under Party Dominance: Evidence from Post-Apartheid South Africa
Abstract How does single-party dominance influence interpersonal trust? We draw on evidence from trust games played by more than 2,000 subjects in South Africa, where, since Apartheid, race-based
Reducing or reinforcing in-group preferences? An experiment on information and ethnic voting
Social scientists often characterize identity politics as a threat to democracy and growth, and recent scholarship investigates factors that could exacerbate or alleviate it. A dominant view — that
Severed Connections: Political Parties and Democratic Responsiveness in Sub-Saharan Africa
Author(s): Choi, Dong-Hyun | Advisor(s): Arriola, Leonardo R | Abstract: This dissertation investigates how political parties can undermine the representation of citizen interests in new democracies.
Ethnic Parties, Ethnic Tensions? Results of an Original Election Panel Study
  • Anaïd Flesken
  • Sociology, Psychology
    American Journal of Political Science
  • 2018
Ethnic diversity is considered detrimental to national unity, especially if ethnicity is politically mobilized: Ethnic parties in electoral competition in particular are thought to increase the
Finding Partisanship Where We Least Expect it: Evidence of Partisan Bias in a New African Democracy
Much of the literature on political behavior in Africa’s new semi-democracies has treated partisan affiliation as weak, purely pragmatic, or a proxy for other, more meaningful identities such as


Divergence in Diversity? The Dissimilar Effects of Cleavages on Electoral Politics in New Democracies
Recent theory on ethnic identity suggests that it is constructed and highly influenced by contextual factors and group leaders' strategies. Therefore, while the notion that social cleavages stabilize
Does Choice Bring Loyalty? Electoral Participation and the Development of Party Identification
Party identification is known to influence almost all aspects of political life. How this attachment develops across the adult life cycle, however, remains unknown. I argue that people reinforce
The emergence of mass partisanship in Russia, 1993-1996
Previous studies of Russia search for party identification in an all-or-nothing fashion. We adopt an alternative approach to studying the emergence of mass partisanship in new democracies. In
Party Brands and Partisanship: Theory with Evidence from a Survey Experiment in Argentina
Scholars disagree about the nature of party attachments, viewing partisanship as either a social identity or a rational maximization of expected utility. Empirically, much of this debate centers on
Fighting and Voting: Violent Conflict and Electoral Politics
Two recent research programs—one on the sources of democratic consolidation and another on the causes and consequences of violent conflict—have tended to evolve in relative isolation. The
Beyond the Running Tally: Partisan Bias in Political Perceptions
I examine the impact of long-term partisan loyalties on perceptions of specific political figures and events. In contrast to the notion of partisanship as a simple “running tally” of political
Explaining Interethnic Cooperation
Though both journalists and the academic literature on ethnic conflict give the opposite impression, peaceful and even cooperative relations between ethnic groups are far more common than is
Valence Issues in African Elections
Previous analyses of African politics have mistaken parties’ dearth of position taking on issues as an absence of substantive electoral debate. The authors demonstrate that political parties tackle
Political Competition and Ethnic Identification in Africa
This article draws on data from over 35,000 respondents in 22 public opinion surveys in 10 countries and finds strong evidence that ethnic identities in Africa are strengthened by exposure to