Does Delayed School Entry Reduce Later Grade Retentions and Use of Special Education Services?

@article{May1995DoesDS,
  title={Does Delayed School Entry Reduce Later Grade Retentions and Use of Special Education Services?},
  author={Deborah C. May and Deborah King Kundert and Donna Brent},
  journal={Remedial and Special Education},
  year={1995},
  volume={16},
  pages={288 - 294}
}
The practice of delaying children's entry into a kindergarten program 1 year beyond the traditional chronolgical age of their classmates is a controversial issue. although this practice has been said to reduce the need for grade retentions and special education services, the research literature has yielded contradictory results about the effects of delayed entry on students. the present study examined the effects of delayed entry in one suburban new york school district on later… 
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References

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Grade retention is the practice of requiring a student who has been in a given grade level for a full school year to remain at that level for a subsequent school year. Grade retention is widespread
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It was hypothesized that children who enter school at a relatively early age do less well on standard measures of school achievement than do their older peers. One hundred fifty-two children born in
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School readiness practices, which include school readiness screenings before school entry, and extra-year school readiness programs for children identified as immature, may interfere with the
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School readiness has been measured in many ways; chronological age, sex, and developmental age all have been used, with varying success, to predict young children's readiness for school. One hundred
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