Does Cesarean Delivery Prevent Anal Incontinence?

@article{Lal2003DoesCD,
  title={Does Cesarean Delivery Prevent Anal Incontinence?},
  author={M. Lal and C. Mann and R. Callender and S. Radley},
  journal={Obstetrics & Gynecology},
  year={2003},
  volume={101},
  pages={305–312}
}
OBJECTIVE To compare the incidence and severity of anal incontinence in primiparas after cesarean delivery versus spontaneous vaginal delivery. METHODS A total of 184 primiparas who delivered by cesarean (104 emergency, 80 elective) and 100 who delivered vaginally were interviewed 10 ± 2 months postpartum. A comprehensive bowel function questionnaire was completed. Bowel-specific questions included bowel habits, laxative use, urgency, flatus, urge and passive incontinence, soiling, and pad use… Expand
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