Does Campaign Spending Affect Election Outcomes? New Evidence from Transaction-Level Disbursement Data

@article{Schuster2020DoesCS,
  title={Does Campaign Spending Affect Election Outcomes? New Evidence from Transaction-Level Disbursement Data},
  author={Steven Sprick Schuster},
  journal={The Journal of Politics},
  year={2020},
  volume={82},
  pages={1502 - 1515}
}
This article uses detailed, transaction-level data on candidate disbursements and panel survey data to estimate the effect of candidate spending. Transaction-level data allow me to isolate only spending that is being used on messages to voters, while panel survey data enable me to control for unobserved candidate characteristics. I find that spending on messages to voters has a statistically significant effect on voter support for candidates. Spending is especially effective in changing the… 

What We are Getting Wrong When We Measure Campaign Spending

I show that the standard measure of candidate spending for U.S. Congressional elections significantly overstates the amount of spending that candidates use on their own campaigns. This is also true

It Takes Money to Make MPs: New Evidence from 150 Years of British Campaign Spending

We study electoral campaigns over the long run, through the lens of their spending. In particular, we ask whether changing media technologies and electoral environments have impacted patterns of

Electoral Imbalances and Their Consequences

It is widely believed that competitive elections are required for good democratic performance. Many races, however, see little electoral competition because of asymmetries in voters’ evaluation of

Vive la Différence? Is There a Gender Gap in Campaign Strategy and Spending, and Does It Matter?

ABSTRACT Record numbers of women were elected into office in the US in recent years, and campaign financing may have contributed to their successes. This raises two questions: Is there a gender gap

Reputation shocks and Strategic Responses in Electoral Campaigns

Information affecting a candidate's reputation might have significant electoral consequences. Do candidates respond to the release of information? Using Brazilian elections and audits as an exogenous

The Effect of Political Donation on Election Outcomes: Evidence from Taiwan Legislative Elections

While past studies have attempted to understand the factors influencing the donation amount received by candidates, little scholarly attention has been paid to the consequences of political donation.

Winning votes: the comparative importance of money and time on parliamentary candidates’ electoral performance in Estonia

  • Siim Trumm
  • Political Science
    East European Politics
  • 2022
ABSTRACT The literature on post-communist democracies has traditionally suggested that expensive media-based campaigns are key to electoral success. Using data from the 2011, 2015, and 2019 Estonian

The Effect of Television Advertising in United States Elections

We provide a comprehensive assessment of the influence of television advertising on United States election outcomes from 2000–2018. We expand on previous research by including presidential, Senate,

Do Unions Shape Political Ideologies at Work?

Labor unions’ largest potential for political influence likely arises from their direct connection to millions of individuals at the workplace. There they may change the political views of both

The Rise of Safe Seats and Party Indiscipline in the U.S. Congress

Scholarly work has missed the key reason for the extraordinary levels of political polarization and poor governance in American politics in recent years. Contrary to the appearance that strong party

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 43 REFERENCES

Using Repeat Challengers to Estimate the Effect of Campaign Spending on Election Outcomes in the U.S. House

Previous studies of congressional spending have typically found a large positive effect of challenger spending but little evidence for effects of incumbent spending. Those studies, however, do not

The Mismeasure of Campaign Spending: Evidence from the 1990 U.S. House Elections

Research on the effects of campaign spending on elections has used total campaign expenditures to measure the amount of money actually spent on campaigns. This article examines a unique data set on

The Effects of Campaign Spending in House Elections: New Evidence for Old Argument

The question of how campaign spending affects election results remains open because the simultaneity problem has proven so intractable. Green and Krasno's (1988) recent attempt to solve the problem -

New Evidence for New Arguments: Money and Advertising in the 1996 Senate Elections

We present an individual-level analysis of the effects of campaign advertising on vote choice in the 1996 Senate elections. Drawing on a unique data set that merges the 1996 National Election Study

Campaign Advertising and Election Outcomes: Quasi-Natural Experiment Evidence from Gubernatorial Elections in Brazil

Whether campaign advertising influences election outcomes is an open question; a paradox given the amount spent on campaigning in general and TV advertising in particular. We argue that such “absence

Voter Turnout and Candidate Strategies in American Elections

Most spatial models of two-candidate competition imply that candidates have electoral incentives to present similar, centrist policies. We modify the standard Downsian model to include three

Salvation for the Spendthrift Incumbent: Reestimating the Effects of Campaign Spending in House Elections

This paper reevaluates Jacobson's well-known finding (1978, 1980, 1984, 1985) that campaign spending by House incumbents has little influence on the vote. Analysis of the 1978 House election shows

Political Advertising and Election Results

We study the persuasive effects of political advertising. Our empirical strategy exploits FCC regulations that result in plausibly exogenous variation in the number of impressions across the borders

Measuring Campaign Spending Effects in U.S. House Elections

IT WO U L D S C A R C E LY O C C U R TO anyone who studies modern-day congressional elections in the United States to ask, “Do campaigns matter?” Virtually everything we have learned from forty years

The Minimal Persuasive Effects of Campaign Contact in General Elections: Evidence from 49 Field Experiments

Significant theories of democratic accountability hinge on how political campaigns affect Americans’ candidate choices. We argue that the best estimate of the effects of campaign contact and