Abstract

A male, 81-year-old patient admitted because of a progressive increase of the abdominal volume for five months, in association with daily episodes of sudden sweating with syncope. Physical examination revealed the presence of a palpable mass in the right flank and hypogastrium. Computed tomography (CT) (Figures 1A and 1B) demonstrated a voluminous, predominantly solid, expansile retroperitoneal mass in the right hemiabdomen, with lobulated contours and heterogeneous density, measuring 19.0 × 15.0 × 12.0 cm. The upper portion of the mass exhibited heterogeneous enhancement delimiting areas of necrosis or cystic/myxoid degeneration, while the lower portion was less vascularized. Neither calcification nor fat were observed. At magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (Figures 1C and 1D), the lesion exhibited heterogeneous signal intensity on T2-weighted image, with areas of high signal intensity and a focus of marked low signal intensity located between the superior and inferior portions. At T1-weighted image, the mass was subtly heterogeneous, with no fatty or hematic contents. The lower portion of the lesion presented diffusion restriction. After intravenous contrast injection (gadolinium), the mass exhibited enhancement similar to the one above described for CT. At admission, hypoglycemic episodes were characterized. The lowest value for fasting glycemia was 29 mg/dL (normal: 70–99 mg/dL). The hypothesis of insulinoma was ruled out by the low insulin serum levels, and hypoinsulinemic hypoglycemia was characterized. Plasma IGF-I and IGF-II levels were measured, and the values were respectively 32.00 ng/mL (normal: 55–166 ng/mL) and 594 ng/mL (normal: 288–736 ng/mL). Because of the ratio IGF-II/IGF-I of 18.56 (normal, up to 3:1; > 10 is suggestive of hypoglycemia caused by non-islet cell tumors), Doege-Potter syndrome (DPS) was considered as the most probable hypothesis. The patient utilized prednisone for glycemic control and underwent percutaneous biopsy and later surgical intervention. Morpho-histopathological analysis in association with the immunohistochemical profile indicated a malignant solitary fibrotic tumor (SFT) with extensive areas of necrosis. Since his hospital discharge, the patient has not presented any hypoglycemic episode. SFT is a rare neoplasia and, in spite of its originally described pleural origin, it may occur in any site of the body. Clinically, many times, such tumor manifests as an asymptomatic slow-growing mass, frequently occurring in middle-aged individuals, with no predilection for sex. It may cause pain and symptoms resulting from adjacent structures compression. DPS refers to the paraneoplastic phenomenon characterized by hypoglycemia secondary to the SFT as it produces high-molecular-weight IGF-II prohormone in excess. Surgical resection is the treatment of choice for SFT and can cure hypoglycemia. Most SFTs are benign. Malignant SFTs are typically large, presenting areas of necrosis and hemorrhage in addition to cellular atypia and a high number of mitotic figures. At CT, SFT generally is seen as a circumscribed, lobulated, hypervascular mass, either displacing or compressing adjacent structures. The non-enhanced central areas of the mass represent necrosis, cystic/myxoid degeneration or hemorrhage. Calcifications are rarely found. At MRI, a SFT typically presents an intermediate signal intensity on T1-weighted images, and heterogeneous signal intensity on T2-weighted images, with areas of high signal intensity (necrosis or cystic/myxoid degeneration) and low signal intensity (fibrosis/collagen or flow void), with possible Doege-Potter syndrome

DOI: 10.1590/0100-3984.2014.0126

Extracted Key Phrases

1 Figure or Table

Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Moreira2015DoegePotterS, title={Doege-Potter syndrome}, author={Bruno Lima Moreira and Marlon Augusto Schiocchet Monarim and Ricardo Francisco Tavares Romano and Leandro Accardo Mattos and Giuseppe D’Ippolito}, booktitle={Radiologia brasileira}, year={2015} }