Documenting a significant relationship between macroevolutionary origination rates and Phanerozoic pCO2 levels.

@article{Cornette2002DocumentingAS,
  title={Documenting a significant relationship between macroevolutionary origination rates and Phanerozoic pCO2 levels.},
  author={James L Cornette and Bruce S. Lieberman and Robert H. Goldstein},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  year={2002},
  volume={99 12},
  pages={
          7832-5
        }
}
We show that the rates of diversification of the marine fauna and the levels of atmospheric CO(2) have been closely correlated for the past 545 million years. These results, using two of the fundamental databases of the Earth's biota and the Earth's atmospheric composition, respectively, are highly statistically significant (P < 0.001). The strength of the correlation suggests that one or more environmental variables controlling CO(2) levels have had a profound impact on evolution throughout… CONTINUE READING

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