Do therapists cry in therapy? The role of experience and other factors in therapists' tears.

@article{BlumeMarcovici2013DoTC,
  title={Do therapists cry in therapy? The role of experience and other factors in therapists' tears.},
  author={Amy C. Blume-Marcovici and Ronald A. Stolberg and Mojgan Khademi},
  journal={Psychotherapy},
  year={2013},
  volume={50 2},
  pages={
          224-34
        }
}
The subject of therapist's crying in therapy (TCIT) has been virtually ignored in the literature, with only 1 qualitative dissertation and 3 case studies devoted to the topic. This mixed-method survey study explored therapists' experiences with and attitude toward TCIT. Six hundred eighty-four U.S. psychologists and trainees filled out the survey online, revealing that 72% of therapists report having cried in therapy in their role as therapist. Data analysis indicated that the act of crying in… 

Tables from this paper

Tears in therapy: A pilot study about experiences and perceptions of therapist and client crying
TLDR
There was significant heterogeneity in attitudes on therapist crying, and factors such as gender, work experience, age, theoretical background, and discipline of the therapists had meaningful associations with these attitudes.
FEMALE ADOLESCENT’S EXPERIENCE OF THEIR THERAPIST CRYING IN THERAPY
OF THESIS FEMALE ADOLESCENT’S EXPERIENCE OF THEIR THERAPIST CRYING IN THERAPY Therapist self-disclosure is an important topic and the literature explains that how a therapist responds to their client
Crying in Psychotherapy: The Perspective of Therapists and Clients
TLDR
Crying as clients was triggered by discussing distressing personal events, was accompanied by a mixture of emotions regarding the tears, consisted of substantial crying to express pain or sadness, and led to multiple benefits (enhanced therapy relationship, deeper therapy, and insight).
Patient Crying in Psychotherapy: Who Cries and Why?
TLDR
Therapeutic interventions that focus on affect, new understanding of old patterns and patient fantasies with outpatient clinical populations appeared to be associated with crying in session, suggesting that the alliance may remain strong despite patients experiencing a session in which they cried as difficult.
Patients’ Crying Experiences in Psychotherapy: Relationship With the Patient Level of Personality Organization, Clinician Approach, and Therapeutic Alliance
TLDR
Patients’ perception of crying as a moment of genuine vulnerability, greater feelings of self-confidence and self-disclosure as well as having had a therapist response that was compassionate and supportive, was positively related with the bond dimension of alliance.
Crying as communication in psychotherapy: The influence of client and therapist attachment dimensions and client attachment to therapist on amount and type of crying.
TLDR
Throughout the course of psychotherapy, therapists who were seen by their clients as establishing a secure attachment elicited more overall crying and a higher intensity of protest, whereas therapists who weren't seen as establishing insecure attachments had clients who cried less.
Measuring Counselor’s Attitudes toward Crying in Session: A Pilot Study
The purpose of this pilot study was to determine the validity and reliability of the Tears-Inventory (TI) to measure the attitudes of counselors and counselors-in-training (CIT) toward crying. This
Therapist and Client Emotional Expression and Psychotherapy Outcomes: A Meta-Analysis
TLDR
Two meta-analyses were applied to explore the association between therapist expression of emotion and psychotherapy outcome, and client expression of emotions and psychotherapeutic outcome and third-party rating of emotional expression emerged as a significant moderator of outcomes.
On Building a Science of Common Factors in Trauma Therapy
  • C. Dalenberg
  • Psychology
    Journal of trauma & dissociation : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of Dissociation
  • 2014
TLDR
The case is made for more attention to training in positive common factor variables within graduate schools and internships and for research on the effectiveness of such training, and for a change in focus in research and training.
Supportive-expressive interventions in working through treatment termination.
TLDR
Recommendations regarding the timing and manner of initiating the termination discussion (the "clock-like reminder" and the "symbolic listening to termination cues") and the proposed framework for working through termination are made, integrating both supportive and expressive techniques.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 63 REFERENCES
Therapeutic immediacy across long-term psychodynamic psychotherapy: an evidence-based case study.
TLDR
This is the first study to assess the interrater reliability of therapeutic immediacy, which was found to achieve good to excellent levels across raters and the most frequently used categories of client and therapist immediacy are presented.
Distinctive Features of Short‐Term Psychodynamic‐Interpersonal Psychotherapy: A Review of the Comparative Psychotherapy Process Literature
The present article is a review of the comparative psychotherapy process literature. It is an effort to delineate techniques and processes that distinguish two prominent forms of treatment. Seven
Gender and Personality Variables in Film-Induced Sadness and Crying
Social and personality correlates of crying relevant to clinical application were examined in the laboratory. The effects of gender and of gender-pairing on emotional expression of film-induced
Changes in the Therapist
Contents: D. Spiegel, Foreword. S. Kahn, E. Fromm, Introduction. Part I:Changes in Attitude About Death. M.R. Eisen, From an Artist's Palette. S. Kahn, A Matter of Life and Death: The Case of Jan.
When is crying cathartic? An international study
TLDR
Several contextual features of crying episodes were indeed predictive of crying-related catharsis, Specifically, the receipt of social support, experiencing a resolution to the event that caused the crying episode, and ac...
Crying: Experiences and Attitudes of Third-Year Medical Students and Interns
TLDR
Crying is common among medical students and interns, especially women, and many consider it unprofessional to cry in front of patients and colleagues, and Trainees want more discussions of crying.
Adult Crying: A Model and Review of the Literature
Crying is one of the most powerfully compelling forms of human emotional expression, and yet, until recently, crying has received little attention from behavioral scientists. In this article, a model
My experience of analysis with Fairbairn and Winnicott. (How complete a result does psychoanalytic therapy achieve?) 1975.
  • H. Guntrip
  • Psychology
    The International journal of psycho-analysis
  • 1996
TLDR
The author offers an account of his own analysis with Fairbairn and Winnicott, and its aftereffects, as this is the only way he can present a realistic picture of what he takes to be the relationship between the respective contributions of these two outstanding analysts, and what he owes to them.
Effects of therapist general self-disclosure and countertransference disclosure on ratings of the therapist and session.
TLDR
Interaction effects indicated that participants rated sessions as deeper and the therapist as more expert when the therapist made general disclosures compared to no disclosures, but only when the alliance was positive.
...
...