Do supernovae indicate an accelerating universe?

@inproceedings{Mohayaee2021DoSI,
  title={Do supernovae indicate an accelerating universe?},
  author={Roya Mohayaee and Mohamed Rameez and Subir Kumar Sarkar},
  year={2021}
}
In the late 1990’s, observations of two directionally-skewed samples of, in total, 93 Type Ia supernovae were analysed in the framework of the Friedmann-Lemâıtre-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) cosmology. Assuming these to be ‘standard(isable) candles’ it was inferred that the Hubble expansion rate is accelerating as if driven by a positive Cosmological Constant Λ in Einstein’s theory of gravity. This is still the only direct evidence for the ‘dark energy’ that is the dominant component of today’s… 

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