Do research papers provide enough information on design and material used in ankle foot orthoses for children with cerebral palsy? A systematic review

@article{Eddison2017DoRP,
  title={Do research papers provide enough information on design and material used in ankle foot orthoses for children with cerebral palsy? A systematic review},
  author={Nicola Eddison and Malisa Mulholland and Nachiappan Chockalingam},
  journal={Journal of Children's Orthopaedics},
  year={2017},
  volume={11},
  pages={263 - 271}
}
Objectives The purpose of this article is to determine how many of the current peer-reviewed studies of ankle foot or-thoses (AFOs) on children with cerebral palsy (CP) have included adequate details of the design and material of the AFO, to enable the study to be reproduced and outcomes clearly understood. Methods A thorough search of studies published in English was conducted in March 2015, with no restriction on dates, within all major databases using relevant phrases. These searches were… 

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Effects of Ankle Foot Orthoses on the Gait Patterns in Children with Spastic Bilateral Cerebral Palsy: A Scoping Review

TLDR
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Prescription of Ankle-Foot Orthoses for Children with Cerebral Palsy

TLDR
The importance of multidisciplinary collaboration, objective evaluation, and individualized clinical problem-solving to facilitate the evolution of the AFO prescription from a medical directive to an orthotic device that optimally benefits the child is highlighted.

The effects of biomechanically optimised ankle-foot orthoses-footwear combinations on the gait of children with cerebral palsy

TLDR
It was concluded that biomechanically optimised AFO-FCs have the potential to improve the kinematics and kinetics of gait, energy expenditure, speed and distance covered for children with CP, and that tuning the AFO -FC should be mandatory.

Defining and grouping children’s therapeutic footwear and criteria for their prescription: an international expert Delphi consensus study

TLDR
A consensus was achieved in the prescription criteria and outcome measures for off-the-shelf stability therapeutic footwear for cerebral palsy, mobile symptomatic pes planus, Duchenne muscular dystrophy, spina bifida and Down's syndrome.

Prescription practices for rigid ankle-foot orthoses among UK orthotists.

TLDR
This study has highlighted a consensus on AFO prescription/design among UK orthotists surveyed, based on the hypothetical patient described in this study.

References

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Efficacy of Ankle-Foot Orthoses on Gait of Children with Cerebral Palsy: Systematic Review of Literature

TLDR
Studies using high quality methods are still needed to support evidence-based decisions regarding the use of AFOs for this population of children with cerebral palsy.

A Systematic Review to Determine Best Practice Reporting Guidelines for AFO Interventions in Studies Involving Children with Cerebral Palsy

TLDR
These guidelines will help researchers provide more systematic and detailed reports and thereby permit future reviewers to more accurately assess both the reporting and quality of orthotic interventions, and will facilitate synthesis of literature to enhance the evidence base.

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TLDR
It is suggested that ankle foot orthosis–footwear combination tuning has the potential to improve the kinematics and kinetics of gait in children with cerebral palsy, however, the review highlights a lack of well-designed and adequately powered studies.

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TLDR
Evidence from the case studies suggest that the developed Supra-Malleolar AFO orthoses enables children with CP to maintain mobility without skin tissue damage, delays the need for surgery and at the same time maintains the length of the Triceps Surae (Gastrocnemius and Soleus) complex.

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TLDR
This study has created a screening tool to identify children likely to benefit from AFO tuning based on kinematic data and which could be used in the community.

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TLDR
Effects of wedged shoes with solid ankle-foot orthoses (WAFOs) on standing balance (SB) and effects of AFOs alone on knee extension (KE) in children with cerebral palsy who crouch were evaluated.

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TLDR
The effectiveness of ankle‐foot orthoses (AFOs) on walking pattern was studied in 12 children with cerebral palsy, and indicated that the range of movement and gait deteriorated during the two trial periods during which the splints were not worn.

Optimising Ankle Foot Orthoses for children with Cerebral Palsy walking with excessive knee flexion to improve their mobility and participation; protocol of the AFO-CP study

TLDR
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Clinically prescribed orthoses demonstrate an increase in velocity of gait in children with cerebral palsy: a retrospective study.

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect clinically prescribed ankle-foot orthoses (AFOs) have on the temporal-spatial parameters of gait, as compared with barefoot walking in children
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