Do procedures for verbal reporting of thinking have to be reactive? A meta-analysis and recommendations for best reporting methods.

@article{Fox2011DoPF,
  title={Do procedures for verbal reporting of thinking have to be reactive? A meta-analysis and recommendations for best reporting methods.},
  author={Mark C. Fox and K. Anders Ericsson and Ryan Best},
  journal={Psychological bulletin},
  year={2011},
  volume={137 2},
  pages={316-44}
}
Since its establishment, psychology has struggled to find valid methods for studying thoughts and subjective experiences. Thirty years ago, Ericsson and Simon (1980) proposed that participants can give concurrent verbal expression to their thoughts (think aloud) while completing tasks without changing objectively measurable performance (accuracy). In contrast, directed requests for concurrent verbal reports, such as explanations or directions to describe particular kinds of information, were… CONTINUE READING
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