Do predators influence the behaviour of bats?

  title={Do predators influence the behaviour of bats?},
  author={Steven L. Lima and Joy M. O'Keefe},
  journal={Biological Reviews},
Many aspects of animal behaviour are affected by real‐time changes in the risk of predation. This conclusion holds for virtually all taxa and ecological systems studied, but does it hold for bats? Bats are poorly represented in the literature on anti‐predator behaviour, which may reflect a lack of nocturnal predators specialized on bats. If bats actually experience a world with minimal anti‐predator concerns, then they will provide a unique contrast within the realm of vertebrate ecology… 

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