Do physical maturity and birth date predict talent in male youth ice hockey players?

  title={Do physical maturity and birth date predict talent in male youth ice hockey players?},
  author={Lauren B. Sherar and Adam D. G. Baxter-Jones and Robert A. Faulkner and Keith Russell},
  journal={Journal of Sports Sciences},
  pages={879 - 886}
Abstract The aim of this study was to examine the relationships among biological maturity, physical size, relative age (i.e. birth date), and selection into a male Canadian provincial age-banded ice hockey team. In 2003, 619 male ice hockey players aged 14 – 15 years attended Saskatchewan provincial team selection camps, 281 of whom participated in the present study. Data from 93 age-matched controls were obtained from the Saskatchewan Pediatric Bone Mineral Accrual Study (1991 – 1997). During… 

Relationships among birth-month distribution, skeletal age and anthropometric characteristics in adolescent elite soccer players

  • N. Hirose
  • Education
    Journal of sports sciences
  • 2009
Results suggest a clear bias toward quarter of birth and this bias may depend to some extent on differences in individual skeletal age and body size, which should be considered when selecting adolescent soccer players.


Although the ERA in this study reveals longer practice times favoring female futsal athletes born in the first quartile of the year, it did not influence the starter status, the distribution in the teams, or any advantage in anthropometric profile.

Relative age, biological maturation and anaerobic characteristics in elite youth soccer players.

The results suggest that relatively youngest players can offset the RAE if they enter puberty earlier and show that coaches should develop realistic expectations of the physical abilities of younger players and these expectations should be made in the context of biological characteristics rather than chronological age-based standards.

Physiological and physical profiles and on-ice performance approach to predict talent in male youth ice hockey players during draft to hockey team

It is suggested that having a birthday early in the selection year, concomitant size advantages and a high level of anaerobic power increases ice hockey players’ chance of being selected for an elite ice hockey team.

The role of growth and maturation during adolescence on team-selection and short-term sports participation

It was found that youth who attended sports team’s try-outs were more likely to be born early in the selection year, be tall for their age, and in some sports early maturers.

Relative age, maturation, anthropometry and physical performance characteristics of players within an Elite Youth Football Academy

A professional English football club with Category 1 academy status was investigated to determine the magnitude of relative age effects (RAE) within the club and explore between-quartile differences

Relative age and maturation selection biases in academy football

Professional football academies need to recognise relative age and maturation as independent constructs that exist and operate independently and separate strategies should be designed to address the respective selection biases, to better identify, retain and develop players.

Do anthropometric and fitness characteristics vary according to birth date distribution in elite youth academy soccer players?

It is suggested that the relative age of the performer may not always be linked to a significant advantage in physical components, although the trend was for players born in the first quarter to out‐perform peersBorn in the later quarters.

Interrelationships among invasive and non-invasive indicators of biological maturation in adolescent male soccer players

Conordance of maturity classifications between skeletal age and predicted age at peak height velocity and percent predicted mature height was poor, and non-invasive indicators of maturity status have limitations for this purpose.

Repeated Sprint Ability in Youth Soccer Players: Independent and Combined Effects of Relative Age and Biological Maturity

Being relatively older and, simultaneously, advanced in maturity status corresponds to a substantial advantage in characteristics that are related to soccer-specific fitness.



Maturity status of youth football players: a noninvasive estimate.

Pace of predicted mature height attained at a given age appears to be a reasonable indicator of maturity status, but the method needs to be validated with other more direct indicators (skeletal age, sexual maturation) and applied to other samples.

An assessment of maturity from anthropometric measurements.

Although the cross-validation meets statistical standards for acceptance, caution is warranted with regard to implementation and it is recommended that maturity offset be considered as a categorical rather than a continuous assessment.

Relationships among tempo of maturation, midparent height, and growth in height of adolescent boys and girls

The timing and intensity of the spurt are highly affected by tempo of maturation in girls, but less so than in boys, which might suggest in girls a less efficient compensatory effect for reduced length of overall growth period in early maturers that increases height gain.

Birthdate and success in minor hockey: The key to the NHL

Previous research (Barnsley, Thompson, & Barnsley, 198S) demonstrated an extremely strong linear relationship between the month of birth (from January to December) and the likelihood of playing in

Growth of schoolchildren with early, average and late ages of peak height velocity.

A sample of Swedish urban schoolchildren born in 1954/55 followed from 10 to 18 years were grouped according to peak height velocity age (PHV age) into early, average and late maturers, finding that the earlier the maturity process, the heavier for given height.

The cardiopulmonary capacities of young hockey players: age 10.

The cardiopulmonary capacities of 15 selected 10 year old ice hockey players were determined during a discontinuous steady-state bicycle ergometer test. During the test, heart rates, minute

On the independence of adult stature from the timing of the adolescent growth spurt

  • T. BielickiR. Hauspie
  • Biology
    American journal of human biology : the official journal of the Human Biology Council
  • 1994
The validity of the view is confirmed that genes controlling the timing of the spurt also affect the shape of the growth curve in such a way that the shorter time available for completion of growth in the early maturers is compensated for by a greater intensity of theSpurt itself.

Growth of early and late maturers

There is an inherent pacemaker for growth that leads to the same adult size for a shorter growth period via a higher basic intensity in pubertal years.

The Saskatchewan Pediatric Bone Mineral Accrual Study: bone mineral acquisition during the growing years.

  • D. Bailey
  • Medicine
    International journal of sports medicine
  • 1997
To investigate how bone mineral at clinically important sites proceeds in relation to maturation, distance and velocity growth curves for height and bone mineral content (BMC) for the AP lumbar spine, the femoral neck and the whole body are developed.

Anthropometric, body composition, and maturity characteristics of selected school-age athletes.