Do people with idiopathic environmental intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields display physiological effects when exposed to electromagnetic fields? A systematic review of provocation studies.

@article{Rubin2011DoPW,
  title={Do people with idiopathic environmental intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields display physiological effects when exposed to electromagnetic fields? A systematic review of provocation studies.},
  author={G. James Rubin and Lena Hillert and Rosa Nieto-Hernandez and Eric van Rongen and Gunnhild Oftedal},
  journal={Bioelectromagnetics},
  year={2011},
  volume={32 8},
  pages={
          593-609
        }
}
Idiopathic environmental intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields (IEI-EMF) is a controversial illness in which people report symptoms that they believe are triggered by exposure to EMF. Double-blind experiments have found no association between the presence of EMF and self-reported outcomes in people with IEI-EMF. No systematic review has assessed whether EMF exposure triggers physiological or cognitive changes in this group. Using a systematic literature search, we identified 29… Expand
Methodological limitations in experimental studies on symptom development in individuals with idiopathic environmental intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields (IEI-EMF) – a systematic review
TLDR
Evaluated methodological limitations in experimental studies on symptom development in IEI-EMF individuals that might have fostered false positive or false negative results indicated that an effect of exposure is unlikely and researchers are encouraged to achieve a high credibility of the results by minimizing sources of bias and imprecision. Expand
Symptom Presentation in Idiopathic Environmental Intolerance With Attribution to Electromagnetic Fields: Evidence for a Nocebo Effect Based on Data Re-Analyzed From Two Previous Provocation Studies
TLDR
A nocebo effect provides a reasonable explanation for the presence of symptoms in IEI-EMF and control participants. Expand
Co-Designed Exposure Protocol in the Study of Idiopathic Environmental Intolerance Attributed to Electromagnetic Fields.
TLDR
The objective of involving people with IEI-EMF was to increase the relevance and acceptability of the protocol, while respecting technical constraints and scientific quality requirements. Expand
The effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields exposure on human self-reported symptoms: A protocol for a systematic review of human experimental studies.
TLDR
The systematic review protocol of experimental studies in humans assessing the effects of RF-EMF on symptoms in human subjects is reported, which will assess the accuracy of perception of presence of exposure in volunteers with and without idiopathic environmental intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields. Expand
Descriptive self-reporting survey of people with idiopathic environmental intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields (IEI-EMF): similarities and comparisons with previous studies
ContextIn France, cases of people self-reporting symptoms due to electromagnetic fields (EMF) or idiopathic environmental intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields (IEI-EMF) have emerged overExpand
Idiopathic Environmental Intolerance Attributed to Electromagnetic Fields: A Content Analysis of British Newspaper Reports
TLDR
Widespread poor reporting of IEI-EMF in the UK media has the potential for to encourage more people to misattribute their symptoms to electromagnetic fields and scientists should remain engaged with the media to counteract this effect. Expand
Idiopathic environmental intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields (IEI-EMF): A systematic review of identifying criteria
TLDR
Considerable heterogeneity exists in the criteria used by the researchers to identify IEI-EMF, due to explicit differences in their conceptual frameworks, and further work is required to produce consensus criteria not only for research purposes but also for use in clinical practice. Expand
Does electromagnetic hypersensitivity originate from nocebo responses?
Idiopathic Environmental Intolerance attributed to Electromagnetic Fields (IEI-EMF) is a condition in which symptoms are attributed to electromagnetic fields (EMF) exposure. As electrohypersensitiveExpand
Are media reports able to cause somatic symptoms attributed to WiFi radiation? An experimental test of the negative expectation hypothesis
TLDR
A role of media reports in the etiology of IEI‐EMF is hypothesized and how somatosensory perception is affected is investigated, finding that receiving sensational media reports might sensitize people to develop a nocebo effect and thereby contribute to the development of IEF. Expand
Does electromagnetic hypersensitivity originate from nocebo responses? Indications from a qualitative study.
TLDR
Overall, symptoms appear before subjects start questioning effects of EMF on their health, which is not consistent with the hypothesis that IEI-EMF originates from nocebo responses to perceived EMF exposure, however, such responses might occur at the sixth stage of the process, potentially reinforcing the attribution. Expand
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