Do people keep believing because they want to? Preexisting attitudes and the continued influence of misinformation

  title={Do people keep believing because they want to? Preexisting attitudes and the continued influence of misinformation},
  author={Ullrich K. H. Ecker and Stephan Lewandowsky and Olivia Fenton and Kelsey Martin},
  journal={Memory \& Cognition},
Misinformation—defined as information that is initially assumed to be valid but is later corrected or retracted—often has an ongoing effect on people’s memory and reasoning. We tested the hypotheses that (a) reliance on misinformation is affected by people’s preexisting attitudes and (b) attitudes determine the effectiveness of retractions. In two experiments, participants scoring higher and lower on a racial prejudice scale read a news report regarding a robbery. In one scenario, the suspects… Expand

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