Do liberal ties pacify? A study of the Cod Wars

@article{Steinsson2018DoLT,
  title={Do liberal ties pacify? A study of the Cod Wars},
  author={Sverrir Steinsson},
  journal={Cooperation and Conflict},
  year={2018},
  volume={53},
  pages={339 - 355}
}
The Cod Wars, three militarized interstate disputes between the UK and Iceland (1958–1961, 1972–1973, 1975–1976), have often been presented as an egregious exception to the liberal peace. There are, however, few comprehensive analyses of the liberal dimensions of the Cod Wars. This article comprehensively analyses the ways in which each of the Cod Wars is consistent or inconsistent with the liberal peace. I find that while the supposedly pacifying factors of the liberal peace – democracy, trade… 

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Building on a growing literature in international political science, I reexamine the traditional liberal claim that governments founded on a respect for individual liberty exercise “restraint” and