Do judgments about freedom and responsibility depend on who you are? Personality differences in intuitions about compatibilism and incompatibilism

@article{Feltz2009DoJA,
  title={Do judgments about freedom and responsibility depend on who you are? Personality differences in intuitions about compatibilism and incompatibilism},
  author={Adam Feltz and Edward T. Cokely},
  journal={Consciousness and Cognition},
  year={2009},
  volume={18},
  pages={342-350}
}

Figures and Tables from this paper

Persistent bias in expert judgments about free will and moral responsibility: A test of the expertise defense
Predicting Philosophical Disagreement
We review evidence showing that disagreement in folk and expert philosophical intuitions can be predicted by global, heritable personality traits. The review focuses on recent studies of intuitions
The Virtues of Ignorance
It is commonly claimed that fully virtuous individuals cannot be ignorant and that everyday intuitions support this fact. Others maintain that there are virtues of ignorance and most people recognize
The Philosophical Personality Argument
Perhaps personality traits substantially influence one’s philosophically relevant intuitions. This suggestion is not only possible, it is consistent with a growing body of empirical research:
An error theory for compatibilist intuitions
One debate in the experimental exploration of everyday judgments about free will is whether most people are compatibilists or incompatibilists. Some recent research suggests that many people who have
Do men and women have different philosophical intuitions? Further data
To address the underrepresentation of women in philosophy effectively, we must understand the causes of the early loss of women. In this paper we challenge one of the few explanations that has
Laypersons’ Beliefs and Intuitions About Free Will and Determinism
TLDR
Overall, laypersons viewed the universe as allowing for human indeterminism, and they did so with certainty, and participants’ free will beliefs had only weak impact on realism, happiness, and learning intuitions.
Forget the Folk: Moral Responsibility Preservation Motives and Other Conditions for Compatibilism
TLDR
The present work provides one potential explanation for these discrepant findings: People are strongly motivated to preserve free will and moral responsibility, and thus do not have stable, logically rigorous notions of free will.
Is Free Will Necessary for Moral Responsibility?: A Case for Rethinking Their Relationship and the Design of Experimental Studies in Moral Psychology
Philosophical tradition has long held that free will is necessary for moral responsibility. We report experimental results that show that the folk do not think free will is necessary for moral
Adaptive variation in judgment and philosophical intuition
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 73 REFERENCES
Surveying Freedom: Folk Intuitions about free will and moral responsibility
Philosophers working in the nascent field of ‘experimental philosophy’ have begun using methods borrowed from psychology to collect data about folk intuitions concerning debates ranging from action
Moral Responsibility and Determinism: The Cognitive Science of Folk Intuitions
The dispute between compatibilists and incompatibilists must be one of the most persistent and heated deadlocks in Western philosophy. Incompatibilists maintain that people are not fully morally
The fragmented folk : More evidence of stable individual differences in moral judgments and folk intuitions
In a series of five experiments, we demonstrate that moral judgments and folk intuitions are often predictably fragmented. Drawing on the domains of ethics and action theory, we illustrate ways in
Folk Intuitions on Free Will
This paper relies on experimental methods to explore the psychological underpinnings of folk intuitions about free will and responsibility. In different conditions, people give conflicting responses
Intuitions and Individual Differences: The Knobe Effect Revisited
Recent work by Joshua Knobe indicates that people ' s intuition about whether an action was intentional depends on whether the outcome is good or bad. This paper argues that part of the explanation
Philosophy and the Folk: On Some Implications of Experimental Work For Philosophical Debates on Free Will
Consider two relatively innocuous data points. First, unlike a good many philosophical puzzles that absorb the efforts of professional philosophers, the web of problems surrounding free will does not
Natural Compatibilism versus Natural Incompatibilism: Back to the Drawing Board
:  In the free will literature, some compatibilists and some incompatibilists claim that their views best capture ordinary intuitions concerning free will and moral responsibility. One goal of
The Value of Believing in Free Will
TLDR
The study of whether inducing participants to believe that human behavior is predetermined would encourage cheating suggests that the debate over free will has societal, as well as scientific and theoretical, implications.
A perspective on judgment and choice: mapping bounded rationality.
TLDR
Determinants and consequences of accessibility help explain the central results of prospect theory, framing effects, the heuristic process of attribute substitution, and the characteristic biases that result from the substitution of nonextensional for extensional attributes.
Are the folk agent-causationists?
:  Experimental examination of how the folk conceptualize certain philosophically loaded notions can provide information useful for philosophical theorizing. In this paper, we explore issues raised
...
1
2
3
4
5
...