Do fetuses feel pain? Reflex responses do not necessarily signify pain.

@article{LloydThomas1996DoFF,
  title={Do fetuses feel pain? Reflex responses do not necessarily signify pain.},
  author={Adrian R. Lloyd-Thomas and Mary Anne Fitzgerald},
  journal={BMJ},
  year={1996},
  volume={313 7060},
  pages={
          797-8
        }
}
Can a fetus feel pain? This question is appropriate, as medical interventions during pregnancy,1 fetal surgery,2 and possibly termination of pregnancy expose the fetus to noxious stimuli. To answer the question we need definitions of “feeling” and “pain.” The International Association for the Study of Pain defines pain as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage” and goes on to emphasise the importance of experience related to past injury… CONTINUE READING
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