Do female ornaments indicate quality in eider ducks?

  title={Do female ornaments indicate quality in eider ducks?},
  author={Aleksi Lehikoinen and Kim Jaatinen and Markus Ost},
  journal={Biology letters},
  volume={6 2},
The fitness consequences of female ornamentation remain little studied and the results are often contradictory. Female ornamentation may be an artefact of a genetic correlation with male ornamentation, but this possibility can be disregarded if the ornament only occurs in females. Female-specific white wing bars in eiders (Somateria mollissima) have been suggested to indicate individual quality, and we studied size variation in this trait in relation to key fitness components and quality… CONTINUE READING

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Female coloration : a review of functional and nonfunctional hypotheses

T. Amundsen, H. Pärn
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Brood parasitism in a population of common eider ( Somateria mollissima )

P. Waldeck, M. Kilpi, M. Öst, M. Andersson
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