Do earthworms help to sustain the slug predator Pterostichus melanarius (Coleoptera: Carabidae) within crops? Investigations using monoclonal antibodies

@article{Symondson2000DoEH,
  title={Do earthworms help to sustain the slug predator Pterostichus melanarius (Coleoptera: Carabidae) within crops? Investigations using monoclonal antibodies},
  author={William O. C. Symondson and David Mckellar Glen and Melissa L. Erickson and J. E. Liddell and Chris Langdon},
  journal={Molecular Ecology},
  year={2000},
  volume={9}
}
Earthworms provide a major potential source of alternative food for polyphagous predators, such as carabid beetles, that are natural enemies of slugs, aphids and other agricultural pests. Non‐pest prey may foster larger numbers of natural enemies, which then help to control pests, or alternatively may help to divert the predators away from pest control. An earthworm‐specific monoclonal antibody was developed to study carabid–earthworm interactions in the field and assess the role of earthworms… Expand
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