Do dragonflies migrate across the western Indian Ocean?

@article{Anderson2009DoDM,
  title={Do dragonflies migrate across the western Indian Ocean?},
  author={R C Anderson},
  journal={Journal of Tropical Ecology},
  year={2009},
  volume={25},
  pages={347 - 358}
}
  • R. Anderson
  • Published 1 July 2009
  • Environmental Science
  • Journal of Tropical Ecology
Abstract: In the tropical Indian Ocean, the Maldive Islands lack surface freshwater, so are unsuitable for dragonfly reproduction. Nevertheless, millions of dragonflies (Insecta, Odonata; mostly globe skimmer, Pantala flavescens) appear suddenly every year starting in October. Arrival dates in the Maldives and India demonstrate that the dragonflies travel from southern India, a distance of some 500–1000 km. Dates of arrival and occurrence coincide with the southward passage of the Inter… 
Isotopic Evidence That Dragonflies (Pantala flavescens) Migrating through the Maldives Come from the Northern Indian Subcontinent
TLDR
The measured wing chitin δ 2H values in 49 individual Pantala flavescens from the November–December migration through the Maldives strongly suggests that the migratory circuit of this species in this region is longer than previously suspected, and could possibly involve a remarkable trans-Himalayan high-altitude traverse.
Seasonal Migrations of Pantala flavescens (Odonata: Libellulidae) in Middle Asia and Understanding of the Migration Model in the Afro-Asian Region Using Stable Isotopes of Hydrogen
TLDR
It is suggested that in spring, the already-mature dragonflies arrive in Middle Asia for reproduction from tropical parts of East Africa and/or the Arabian Peninsula, and, in autumn, summer-generation dragonflies migrate to the south, and in the Afro-Asian region there is an extensive migration circle of the globe skimmer covering East Africa, Central Asia and the Indian subcontinent with a total length of more than 14,000 km.
First record of Pantala flavescens (Anisoptera: Libellulidae) from the remote Amsterdam Island, southern Indian Ocean
TLDR
Analyzes the weather conditions in this sector of the Indian Ocean in February 2017 to assess the probability of arrival of the dragonflies by air from their known migration route at lower latitudes between India and East Africa and reports observations of Vanessa cardui (Nymphalidae) which has established a permanent population on Amsterdam Island and has been observed on several occasions in the Crozet Archipelago.
Migrations of dragonflies (Odonata) in the south of the West Siberian plain
TLDR
A summary of mass dragonflies migrations observed previously in Russia, in particular in West Siberia, is presented and an original generalized classification of dragonfly migrations is proposed.
Unraveling the World’s Longest Non-stop Migration: The Indian Ocean Crossing of the Globe Skimmer Dragonfly
Insect migration redistributes enormous quantities of biomass, nutrients and species globally. A subset of insect migrants perform extreme long-distance journeys, requiring specialized morphological,
A critical overview of progress in studies of migration of dragonflies (Odonata: Anisoptera), with emphasis on North America
  • M. May
  • Biology
    Journal of Insect Conservation
  • 2012
TLDR
Large scale movements of these and other species raises questions about population connectivity, ecosystem impacts, the nature and evolution of cues that initiate migration, and effects of climate change on these phenomena.
Autumn migration of an Amur Falcon Falco amurensis from Mongolia to the Indian Ocean tracked by satellite
because they showed: a relatively long, conical bill; heavily chestnuttinged uppertail-coverts and rump; and a dark crown. All three birds were aged as immature on account of their pale yellow
The Maldives Archipelago
Corrigendum to: Long-Distance Migration of the Globe Skimmer Dragonfly to Japan Revealed Using Stable Hydrogen (δ2H) Isotopes
TLDR
The investigation underlines the power of combining stable isotope data with other information such as wind speed and direction, arrival dates, and body mass to estimate origins and to understand the life history of this and other insects.
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