Do caterpillars disperse their damage?: larval foraging behaviour of two specialist herbivores, Euphydryas phaeton (Nymphalidae) and Pieris rapae (Pieridae)

  title={Do caterpillars disperse their damage?: larval foraging behaviour of two specialist herbivores, Euphydryas phaeton (Nymphalidae) and Pieris rapae (Pieridae)},
  author={Rodney Mauricio and M Deane Bowers},
  journal={Ecological Entomology},
Abstract. 1. To examine ecological and evolutionary aspects of caterpillar foraging behaviour, this study focused on observation of the individual foraging behaviour of two lepidopteran species,Pieris rapae L. andEuphydryas phaeton (Drury), on their respective host plants. 

A comparison of the host‐searching efficiency of two larval parasitoids of Plutella xylostella

The work reported here tested the predictions that a specialist should locate and parasitise more hosts than a generalist in a given arena by comparing the host‐searching behaviour of Diadegma semiclausum (a specialist) and Cotesia plutellae (an oligophagous species), two parasitoids of larval Plutella xylostella.

Behaviour of specialist and generalist caterpillars on plantain (Plantago lanceolata)

Foraging patterns of specialist and generalist caterpillars on five genotypes of plantain were examined and plant genotype influenced the apparency of the specialists and damage by the herbivores.

Effects of Foliage Color on the Landing Response of Pieris rapae (Lepidoptera: Pieridae)

Results suggest that leaf color is an important visual cue used by P. rapae for intraspecific host selection and positively correlated with oviposition preference and larval survival.

A Hierarchy of Cues Directs the Foraging of Pieris rapae (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) Larvae

Understanding the cues that guide larval foraging may lead to more efficient trap crops for pest management and to predator avoidance behaviors of young instars of P. rapae.

Intraplant Movement of Generalist Slug Caterpillars (Limacodidae: Lepidoptera) : Effects of Host Plant and Light Environment

Light environment altered behavior such that caterpillar in the shade moved and fed more often, and moved greater distances, than caterpillars in the sun, and the consequences of increased movement for caterpillar development and mortality from natural enemies are discussed.

Induced defences in kawakawa (Macropiper excelsum): do caterpillars avoid previous leaf damage?

Kawakawa does not have a system of induced chemical defences which deters the feeding of lepidopteran larvae, and on no occasion did larvae of either species show a significant preference for undamaged or damaged leaves.

Foraging and vein-cutting behaviour of Euploea core corinna (W.S. Macleay) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) caterpillars feeding on latex-bearing leaves.

Through manipulative experiments, it is demonstrated for the first time that sabotaging behaviour in neonate caterpillar imposes no detectable short-term physiological costs on those caterpillars.

Cyanogenesis, herbivory and plant defense in Turnera ulmifolia on Jamaica

Field surveys of eight populations of Turnera ulmifolia L., a Jamaican weed exhibiting quantitative genetic variation for cyanogenesis, were undertaken to assess the effectiveness of cyanogenesis a...

Host-plant leaf-surface preferences of young caterpillars of three species of Pieris (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) and its effect on parasitism by the gregarious parasitoid Cotesia glomerata (Hymenoptera: Braconidae)

Preferences of young caterpillars of three species of Pieris (P. rapae crucivora Boisduval, P. melete Ménétriès, and P. napi japonica Shirôzu) (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) for the upper and lower surfaces

Caterpillars on the run - induced defences create spatial patterns in host plant damage

A scenario where induced changes in host-plant quality limits the time spent per plant, but the herbivore moves throughout the landscape without any particular directionality is offered, as the most parsimonious explanation for the observed level and pattern of host plant damage.



Iridoid glycosides and insect feeding preferences: gypsy moths (Lymantria dispar, Lymantriidae) and buckeyes (Junonia coenia, Nymphalidae)

Abstract. 1. The effect of increasing concentrations of an iridoid glycoside, catalposide, was tested on a generalist and an adapted specialist lepidopteran, using artificial diets.

The feeding behaviour of caterpillars (Manduca sexta) on tobacco and on artificial diet

ABSTRACT. Feeding behaviour of fifth instar tobacco hornworm caterpillars, Manduca sexta (Johansen) (Lepidoptera; Sphingidae), eating tobacco or artificial diet, is quantitatively described. The

Chemical Feeding Deterrent Mobilized in Response to Insect Herbivory and Counteradaptation by Epilachna tredecimnotata

Experimentally damaged leaves of Cucurbita moschata mobilize substances to the damaged region within 40 minutes, which stimulate feeding by Acalymma vittata and inhibit feeding by Epilacha tredecimnotata.

The feeding behavior of a polyphagous caterpillar (Diacrisia virginica) in its natural habitat

The ground-dwelling woolly bear caterpillar Diacrisia virginica occupies a habitat characterized by low-lying forbs, grasses, and sedges where it feeds on more than 100 species of plants. The short

Does Foliage Damage Influence Predation on the Insect Herbivores of Birch

Although both Coleophora serratella and Apocheima pilosaria suffered significant effects of predation, there was no interaction between the presence of foilage damage and predation rates on either of these birch herbivores.

Polistes Wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) as Control Agents for Lepidopterous Cabbage Pests

A major reason levels of control achieved by Polistes in this study were not higher was the availability of alternate prey.

Behavior and Spatial Distribution Patterns of Tobacco Budworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Larvae on Chlordimeform-Treated Cotton Plants

It is hypothesize that under field conditions, insecticide synergism by chlordimeform against Heliothis spp.

Caterpillar Leaf Damage, and the Game of Hide‐and‐Seek with Birds

In an aviary, field—captured Black—capped Chickadees, Parus atricapillus, learned to forage preferentially at trees with either artificially or caterpillar—damaged leaves. The birds also

Search Behaviour: a Study of Three Caterpillar Species

Simulation of the searching behaviour of three species of caterpillar shows that the replete behaviour (called 'conservative search') is appropriate to searching within a small clump of plants, whereas the later behaviour ('radical search') are appropriate to random or uniform distributions and low plant densities.


Feeding and locomotor activity in both species were reduced during periods of both high and low air temperatures but were not related to time of day, and feeding rates were strongly dependent on body temperature in bothspecies.