Do Stressful Life Events Affect Duration of Gestation and Risk of Preterm Delivery?

@article{Hedegaard1996DoSL,
  title={Do Stressful Life Events Affect Duration of Gestation and Risk of Preterm Delivery?},
  author={Morten Hedegaard and Tine Brink Henriksen and Niels J{\o}rgen Secher and Maureen C. Hatch and Svend Sabroe},
  journal={Epidemiology},
  year={1996},
  volume={7},
  pages={339–345}
}
&NA; The present study was designed to test the relation between stressful life events experienced during pregnancy and the risk of preterm delivery and shortened duration of pregnancy. We collected data prospectively in a general population sample, including repeated questionnaire measures of exposure to stressful life events during pregnancy. Between August 1989 and September 1991, 8,719 Danish‐speaking women with singleton pregnancies attended antenatal care. Of these women, 5,873 (67… Expand
Prenatal life events stress: implications for preterm birth and infant birthweight.
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Prenatal severe life events, especially in the first trimester, may play an important role in increasing the risk of preterm birth and low birthweight. Expand
Do pre-, early, and mid-pregnancy life events influence gestational length?
TLDR
It is suggested that life events in general do not influence pregnancy duration, but if they are perceived as strainful, pregnancy length tends to decrease, and shorter pregnancy duration being found in women reporting many strainful events. Expand
The relationship between individual life events and preterm delivery
TLDR
Results provide some support for the theory that increased stress from life events causes preterm delivery, although the lack of a pattern by type of stress, expected stressfulness, or severity of prematurity are hard to reconcile with those theories. Expand
Exploration of threshold analysis in the relation between stressful life events and preterm delivery.
TLDR
The results suggest that a threshold model may fit the relation between stress and preterm delivery better than one with no threshold, however, the inconsistent results are difficult to reconcile with a biologic threshold. Expand
Effect of psychosocial stress on maternal complications during pregnancy: A cohort study
TLDR
Psychosocial stress during the second trimester, BMI >26 kg/m2, pre pregnancy weight >51kg and low educational level were risk factors for maternal complications during pregnancy. Expand
Stress and salivary cortisol during pregnancy
TLDR
Differences in the associations between chronic stress in early and late pregnancy and cortisol levels indicating that the response to chronic stress is dependent on the stage of the pregnancy are found. Expand
Risk of spontaneous preterm birth in relation to maternal experience of serious life events during pregnancy
TLDR
Experiencing serious life events during pregnancy was associated with increased odds of preterm birth among Peruvian women, and interventions aimed at assisting women experiencing seriouslife events may reduce the risk of PTB. Expand
The impact of maternal stress on pregnancy outcome in a well-educated Caucasian population.
TLDR
The results showed that a high level of perceived stress at 14 weeks of pregnancy increased the risk for delivery of an infant that was small-for-gestational-age, but the association was reduced after adjustment for the possible confounding effects of demographic variables. Expand
Pregnancy affects appraisal of negative life events.
TLDR
Responses to stress and affective state are progressively altered in pregnant women, suggesting that timing of stress exposure during gestation may be critical in determining its impact. Expand
Maternal stressful life events prior to conception and the impact on infant birth weight in the United States.
TLDR
Interventions aimed to improve birth outcomes will need to shift the clinical practice paradigm upstream to the preconception period to reduce women's exposure to stress over the life course and improve the long-term health of children. Expand
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