Do Sit-Stand Workstations Improve Cardiovascular Health?

  title={Do Sit-Stand Workstations Improve Cardiovascular Health?},
  author={David M. Rempel and Niklas Krause},
  journal={Journal of occupational and environmental medicine},
  volume={60 7},
  • D. RempelN. Krause
  • Published 1 July 2018
  • Medicine
  • Journal of occupational and environmental medicine
While there is some evidence that the use of sit-stand workstations will relieve low back pain and improve productivity (Garett 2016), there is little evidence that more standing at work will improve cardiovascular health. Cardiovascular health is defined here as myocardial infarctions and coronary artery disease. None-the-less, several countries and professional organizations have published public health guidelines recommending more standing for sedentary work (Straker 2016, AMA 2013). 

Working Postures and 22-Year Incidence of Acute Myocardial Infarction

Introduction: In contrast to body postures during the entire day or during leisure, associations of work postures with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have not been examined while adjusting for

Objectively Measured Sitting and Standing in Workers: Cross-Sectional Relationship with Autonomic Cardiac Modulation

It is suggested that sitting at leisure is detrimental to autonomic cardiac modulation, but standing at work is beneficial, however, the small effect size is likely insufficient to mitigate the previously shown detrimental effects of prolonged standing on CVD.

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A custom after-market desk-mounted sensor predicting sit-stand desk use by measuring desk floor heights, desk user distances, and the temperature in front of the desk was tested to estimate gross posture and user presence with 95.6% accuracy rate.

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In spite of many studies and evidence in favour of taking into consideration sedentary behavior at work, there are still research gaps predominantly regarding etiology, possibilities of compensation, determinants, and intervention strategies.

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This study will establish the acceptability and feasibility of a workplace intervention which aims to reduce workplace SB and increase PA and identify key methodological and implementation issues that need to be addressed prior to assessing the effectiveness of this intervention in a definitive cluster randomised controlled trial.

A Cluster-Randomised Crossover Pilot Feasibility Study of a Multicomponent Intervention to Reduce Occupational Sedentary Behaviour in Professional Male Employees

Preliminary data indicate that the intervention may reduce occupational sedentary behaviour and increase physical activity in professional men, and should be further tested in a definitive trial following consideration of the findings of this pilot feasibility trial.

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Despite comparable lower body kinematic gait asymmetries across conditions, asymmetric knee flexion motions at early gait cycle were only found in treadmill workstation users (left knee significantly more flexed than the right one), demonstrating that the interaction between walking and another task is dependent on the task cognitive content.



Evaluation of sit-stand workstations in an office setting: a randomised controlled trial

Short-term use of a feasible sit-stand workstation reduced daily sitting time and led to beneficial improvements in cardiometabolic risk parameters in asymptomatic office workers, implying that if the observed use of the sit- Stand workstations continued over a longer duration, sit- stand workst stations may have important ramifications for the prevention and reduction of cardiometric risk in a large proportion of the working population.

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OCCUPATIONAL ABSTRACT Stand-capable desks have been shown to successfully reduce sedentary behavior in the modern office, but whether their utilization improves cognitive productivity is not known.

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