Do Natural Resources Influence Who Comes to Power, and How?

@article{Carreri2017DoNR,
  title={Do Natural Resources Influence Who Comes to Power, and How?},
  author={Maria Carreri and Oeindrila Dube},
  journal={The Journal of Politics},
  year={2017},
  volume={79},
  pages={502 - 518}
}
Do natural resources impair institutional outcomes? Existing work studies how natural resources influence the behavior of leaders in power. We study how they influence leaders’ rise to power. Our analysis focuses on oil price shocks and local democracy in Colombia, a country mired in civil conflict. We find that when the price of oil rises, legislators affiliated with right-wing paramilitary groups win office more in oil-producing municipalities. Consistent with the use of force to gain power… 
Does Democracy Moderate Resource-induced Conflicts ?
Can institutionalized transfers of natural resource rents to lower levels of government be a source of civil conflict? Can democratic institutions limit the link between resource rents and civil
Oil Windfalls and the Political Resource Curse : Evidence from a Natural Experiment in Brazil ∗
Do natural resource windfalls affect democratic outcomes? We argue that the effect of such revenues on democratic outcomes is conditioned by the strength of political institutions. Where institutions
A Leadership Curse? Oil Price Shocks and the Selection of National Leaders
This paper examines the relation between oil price shocks and the selection of educated national leaders. Exploiting a cross-country dataset on national leaders and a Difference-in-Difference
Blessing a Curse? Institutional Reform and Resource Booms in Colombia
Is it possible to revert the resource curse through institutional reform? Evidence suggests that there is a negative relationship between abundance of natural resources and economic growth, political
Civil conflict and voting behavior: Evidence from Colombia
  • Jorge Gallego
  • Political Science
    Conflict Management and Peace Science
  • 2018
What are the effects of war on political behavior? Colombia is an interesting case in which conflict and elections coexist, and illegal armed groups intentionally affect electoral outcomes.
Sources of Revenue and Government Performance : Theory and Evidence from Colombia
Increases in local governments’ revenue have little (if any) impact on public good provision or development indicators in low-income countries. This paper seeks to establish whether this low return
Oil discoveries and political windfalls: Evidence on presidential support in Uganda
Oil discoveries, paired with delays in production, have created a new phenomenon: sustained post-discovery, pre-production periods. While research on the resource curse has debated the effects of oil
Income Shocks and Inequality in Political Participation : Evidence from the US Shale Boom ∗
How do positive income shocks affect politics? Although it is well-known that economic resources correlate with political participation, the distributional and partisan consequences of increased
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 92 REFERENCES
Leader Behavior and the Natural Resource Curse
We discuss political economy mechanisms which can explain the resource curse, in which an increase in the size of resource rents causes a decrease in the economy’s total value added. We identify a
Do Natural Resources Fuel Authoritarianism? A Reappraisal of the Resource Curse
A large body of scholarship finds a negative relationship between natural resources and democracy. Extant cross-country regressions, however, assume random effects and are run on panel datasets with
Commodity Price Shocks and Civil Conflict: Evidence from Colombia
How do income shocks affect armed conflict? Theory suggests two opposite effects. If labour is used to appropriate resources violently, higher wages may lower conflict by reducing labour supplied to
Resource Wealth and Political Regimes in Africa
Political economists point to the levels of economic development, poverty, and income inequality as the most important determinants of political regimes. The authors present empirical evidence
Workers, Warriors and Criminals: Social Conflict in General Equilibrium
We offer a simple general equilibrium model to analyze how economy-wide forces (i.e. shocks to terms of trade, technology and endowments) will affect the intensity of social conflict over the
Revisiting the Resource Curse: Natural Disasters, the Price of Oil, and Democracy
Abstract Fluctuations in the price of oil and the contemporaneous political changes in oil-producing countries have raised an important question about the link between oil rents, political
Sunlight Disinfects? Free Media in Weak Democracies
Abstract:Free media may not favor political accountability when other democratic institutions are weak,and may even bring undesirable unintended consequences. We propose a simple model in
Does Oil Hinder Democracy?
Some scholars suggest that the Middle East's oil wealth helps explain its failure to democratize. This article examines three aspects of this "oil impedes democracy" claim. First, is it true? Does
Resource Windfalls, Political Regimes, and Political Stability
Abstract We study theoretically and empirically whether natural resource windfalls affect political regimes. We show that windfalls have no effect on democracies, while they have heterogeneous
...
...