Do Junior Entrants to the UK Armed Forces have worse outcomes than Standard Entrants?

  title={Do Junior Entrants to the UK Armed Forces have worse outcomes than Standard Entrants?},
  author={Margaret Jones and Norman Jones and Howard Burdett and Beverly P Bergman and Nicola T. Fear and Simon Wessely and Roberto J. Rona},
  journal={BMJ Military Health},
Introduction The UK is the only permanent member of the UN Security Council that has a policy of recruiting 16 and 17 year old individuals into its regular Armed Forces. Little is known about the consequences of enlisting as a Junior Entrant (JE), although concerns have been expressed. We compare the mental health, deployment history, and pre-enlistment and post-enlistment experiences of personnel who had enlisted as JEs with personnel who joined as Standard Entrants (SEs). Method Participants… 
2 Citations

Age at entry to UK military service and long-term mental health

It was veterans who entered service at age 20–25 years who demonstrated increased risk of major mental health disorder, although this attenuated in more recent birth cohorts, and age at recruitment for the veterans.

Mental health in the UK Armed Forces.

e. In 2014/16, PTSD was lower among serving regulars with a history of deployment to Iraq or Afghanistan but the difference was not statistically significant (6% non-deployed, 4% deployed). This is



The health of UK military personnel who deployed to the 2003 Iraq war: a cohort study

Mental health outcomes at the end of the British involvement in the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts: a cohort study

An increasing prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder and a lowering prevalence of alcohol misuse are highlighted compared with previous findings and the importance of continued surveillance during service and beyond are stressed.

Influence of childhood adversity on health among male UK military personnel

Pre-enlistment vulnerability is an important individual risk factor for ill health in military men and two main factors emerge as important predictors of ill health: a ‘family relationships’ factor reflecting the home environment and an ‘externalising behaviour” factor reflecting behavioural disturbance.

Violent behaviour in UK military personnel returning home after deployment

Experiences of combat and trauma during deployment were significantly associated with violent behaviour following homecoming in UK military personnel and post-deployment mental health problems and alcohol misuse are also associated with increased violence.

Patterns of drinking in the UK Armed Forces.

Excessive alcohol consumption is more common in the UK Armed Forces than in the general population and there are certain socio-demographic characteristics associated with heavy drinking within the military, which may allow the targeting of preventive interventions.

The validity of two versions of the GHQ in the WHO study of mental illness in general health care

The shorter GHQ is remarkably robust and works as well as the longer instrument, and the latter should only be preferred if there is an interest in the scaled scores provided in addition to the total score.

The PHQ-15: Validity of a New Measure for Evaluating the Severity of Somatic Symptoms

The PHQ-15 is a brief, self-administered questionnaire that may be useful in screening for somatization and in monitoring somatic symptom severity in clinical practice and research.

The Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5): Development and Initial Psychometric Evaluation.

Results indicate that the PCL-5 is a psychometrically sound measure of PTSD symptoms, and implications for use of the PCl-5 in a variety of assessment contexts are discussed.