Do Judges Vary in Their Treatment of Race?

  title={Do Judges Vary in Their Treatment of Race?},
  author={David S. Abrams and Marianne Bertrand and S. Mullainathan},
  journal={The Journal of Legal Studies},
  pages={347 - 383}
Are minorities treated differently by the legal system? Systematic racial differences in case characteristics, many unobservable, make this a difficult question to answer directly. In this paper, we estimate whether judges differ from each other in how they sentence minorities, avoiding potential bias from unobservable case characteristics by exploiting the random assignment of cases to judges. We measure the between-judge variation in the difference in incarceration rates and sentence lengths… Expand
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