Do Employer Preferences Contribute to Sticky Floors?

  title={Do Employer Preferences Contribute to Sticky Floors?},
  author={Stijn Baert and Ann-Sophie de Pauw and Nick Deschacht},
  journal={ILR Review},
  pages={714 - 736}
The authors investigate the importance of employer preferences in explaining sticky floors, the pattern in which women are less likely, as compared to men, to start to climb the job ladder. The authors perform a randomized field experiment in the Belgian labor market and test whether hiring discrimination based on gender is heterogeneous by whether jobs imply a promotion (compared to the applicants’ current position). The findings show that women receive 33% fewer interview invitations when… Expand
Do gender differences in career aspirations contribute to sticky floors
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to test hypotheses regarding the importance of employee preferences in explaining sticky floors, the pattern that women are, compared to men, less likelyExpand
Gender discrimination in hiring: An experimental reexamination of the Swedish case
The degree of gender discrimination in Sweden across occupations is estimated using a correspondence study design and it is found that overall positive employer response rates were higher for women than men, driven by employer responses in female-dominated occupations. Expand
The impact of attractiveness on job opportunities in Italy: a gender field experiment
This paper assesses the impact of being attractive and not being native on the gender gap in the opportunity of obtaining a job in Italy. To do so, we propose a field experiment that consists inExpand
Gender discrimination in hiring across occupations: a nationally-representative vignette study
Abstract We investigate gender discrimination in a nationally-representative sample of German firms using a factorial survey design. Short CVs of fictitious applicants for apprenticeship positionsExpand
Gender, parenthood, and hiring intentions in sex-typical jobs: Insights from a survey experiment
We ran a survey experiment with Dutch employers to investigate hiring discrimination in sex-typical jobs. We ask if women are especially discriminated against when they have children, whetherExpand
When Gender Discrimination Is Not About Gender
We use an experiment to show that employers prefer to hire male over female workers for a male-typed task even when they have identical resumes. Using a novel control condition, we document that thisExpand
Part-Time Work and Women’s Careers: a Decomposition of the Gender Promotion Gap
This paper studies the effect of working hours on vertical sex segregation using Belgian micro-data on promotions. Using Yun decompositions we find that more than 40% of the promotion gaps betweenExpand
Does it pay to care? Volunteering and employment opportunities
We investigate whether volunteering has a causal effect on individual employment opportunities. To this end, a field experiment is conducted in which volunteering activities are randomly assigned toExpand
Why is Unemployment Duration a Sorting Criterion in Hiring?
Recent evidence from large-scale field experiments has shown that employers use job candidates' unemployment duration as a sorting criterion. In the present study, we investigate the mechanismsExpand
Why Are Employers Put Off by Long Spells of Unemployment
Recent evidence from large-scale field experiments has shown that employers use job candidates’ unemployment duration as a sorting criterion. In the present study, we investigate what underlies thisExpand


A sticky floors model of promotion, pay, and gender
Abstract According to raw data from the British Household Panel Survey, full-time women are more likely than men to be promoted. Controlling for observed and unobserved individual heterogeneity, weExpand
Is There Less Discrimination in Occupations Where Recruitment Is Difficult?
The authors empirically test the cross-sectional relationship between hiring discrimination and labor market tightness at the level of the occupation. To this end, they conduct a correspondence testExpand
Sex Discrimination in Restaurant Hiring: An Audit Study
This paper reports on a small-scale audit study that investigates sex discrimination in restaurant hiring. Comparably matched pairs of men and women applied for jobs as waiters and waitresses at 65Expand
Does Hiring Discrimination Cause Gender Segregation in the Swedish Labor Market?
Abstract This paper studies gender discrimination at hiring in the Swedish labor market. It examines data compiled from an experiment conducted in 2005–6 in which two qualitatively identicalExpand
Gender and Racial Differentials in Promotions : Is There a Sticky Floor, a Mid-Level Bottleneck, or a Glass Ceiling?
Using a proprietary dataset containing personnel records on over 22,000 full-time, non-unionized employees from a large Canadian firm with nationwide operations from 1996 to 2000, this paper exploresExpand
Climbing the Job Ladder: New Evidence of Gender Inequity
An explanation for the gender wage gap is that women are less able or less willing to 'climb the job ladder.' However, the empirical evidence on gender differences in job mobility has been mixed.Expand
Hiring discrimination: a field experiment in the French financial sector
Using correspondence testing, we investigate whether gender access gap in job interviews is due to different effects of present or future family responsibilities on expected productivity of male andExpand
Getting a Job: Is There a Motherhood Penalty?1
Survey research finds that mothers suffer a substantial wage penalty, although the causal mechanism producing it remains elusive. The authors employed a laboratory experiment to evaluate theExpand
Glass ceilings or dead ends: job promotion of men and women compared
Alternative hypotheses that explain the differences in the rate at which male and female workers are promoted to higher job levels are empirically tested. It is found that women are less frequentlyExpand
A Case of Sticky Floors: Gender Wage Differentials in Thailand
Using 2004 Household Socio-Economic Survey data for Thailand, we explore the gender wage differentials across the entire unconditional wage distribution and find a strong sticky floor effect. GlassExpand