Do E‐cigarettes induce weight changes and increase cardiometabolic risk? A signal for the future

  title={Do E‐cigarettes induce weight changes and increase cardiometabolic risk? A signal for the future},
  author={Ann A. Verhaegen and Luc F. Van Gaal},
  journal={Obesity Reviews},
  pages={1136 - 1146}
The prevalence of non‐cigarette tobacco use in electronic cigarettes, also called vaping, is rapidly increasing, especially in adolescents and young adults, due to attractive marketing techniques promoting them as healthier alternatives to conventional tobacco cigarettes. 
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This research tested whether e‐cigarette use was associated with BMI, and found no relationship between e‐cigarettes and BMI.
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Although it seems that e-cigarettes are a safer alternative than combustible cigarettes for people that want to stop smoking, toxic effects of the e-liquid can induce an increase in cardiovascular risk.
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E-cigarettes were shown to be less harmful than conventional cigarettes but did not guarantee it was safe, and both cigarettes and e-cigarettes aggravated metabolic parameters in HFD-induced rats.
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E-cigarettes use does not affect the development of insulin resistance, but could influence the level of glucose and pre-diabetic state development, and in most cases, e-cigarette use increased the risk of developing abdominal obesity or higher arterial blood pressure.
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Electronic cigarette use may be associated with systemic inflammation markers, similar to conventional cigarette use, according to the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.


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The emerging perception that vaping electronic cigarettes with nicotine and flavors could deliver similar appetite and weight control effects as smoking is explored.
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