Do E‐cigarettes induce weight changes and increase cardiometabolic risk? A signal for the future

@article{Verhaegen2017DoEI,
  title={Do E‐cigarettes induce weight changes and increase cardiometabolic risk? A signal for the future},
  author={Ann A. Verhaegen and Luc F. Van Gaal},
  journal={Obesity Reviews},
  year={2017},
  volume={18},
  pages={1136 - 1146}
}
The prevalence of non‐cigarette tobacco use in electronic cigarettes, also called vaping, is rapidly increasing, especially in adolescents and young adults, due to attractive marketing techniques promoting them as healthier alternatives to conventional tobacco cigarettes. 
Electronic cigarette use is negatively associated with body mass index: An observational study of electronic medical records
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This research tested whether e‐cigarette use was associated with BMI, and found no relationship between e‐cigarettes and BMI.
Vaping and Cardiovascular Health: the Case for Health Policy Action
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Although it seems that e-cigarettes are a safer alternative than combustible cigarettes for people that want to stop smoking, toxic effects of the e-liquid can induce an increase in cardiovascular risk.
Tobacco smoking and electronic cigarette: two sides of the same coin?
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  • Medicine
    Hellenic journal of cardiology : HJC = Hellenike kardiologike epitheorese
  • 2017
Dual use of electronic and conventional cigarettes is associated with higher cardiovascular risk factors in Korean men
TLDR
Given that most e-cigarette users are dual users and dual users are more vulnerable to cardiovascular risk factors than cigarette-only smokers and never smokers, more active treatment for smoking cessation and intensive lifestyle interventions for dual users should be considered with priority.
Electronic and Conventional Cigarette Exposure Aggravate Metabolic Parameters in High-Fat Diet-Induced Rats
TLDR
E-cigarettes were shown to be less harmful than conventional cigarettes but did not guarantee it was safe, and both cigarettes and e-cigarettes aggravated metabolic parameters in HFD-induced rats.
Electronic Cigarette Use and Metabolic Syndrome Development: A Critical Review
TLDR
E-cigarettes use does not affect the development of insulin resistance, but could influence the level of glucose and pre-diabetic state development, and in most cases, e-cigarette use increased the risk of developing abdominal obesity or higher arterial blood pressure.
Cigarette type or smoking history: Which has a greater impact on the metabolic syndrome and its components?
TLDR
Sex differences were found in the association between smoking behavior and MetS and reveal sociodemographic differences that should be considered for interventions regarding conventional and/or e-cigarette users at risk of metabolic complications.
Association Between Electronic Cigarette Use and Levels of High-Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein and Uric Acid
TLDR
Electronic cigarette use may be associated with systemic inflammation markers, similar to conventional cigarette use, according to the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
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