Do Black students misbehave more? Investigating the differential involvement hypothesis and out-of-school suspensions

@article{Huang2018DoBS,
  title={Do Black students misbehave more? Investigating the differential involvement hypothesis and out-of-school suspensions},
  author={Francis L. Huang},
  journal={The Journal of Educational Research},
  year={2018},
  volume={111},
  pages={284 - 294}
}
  • Francis L. Huang
  • Published 4 May 2018
  • Psychology, Education
  • The Journal of Educational Research
ABSTRACT Black students are much more likely to be disciplined using out-of-school suspensions (OSS) compared with White students. One often-cited hypothesis, though relatively untested, is the role of misconduct and students attitudes that support deviant behavior. The differential involvement hypothesis suggests that disproportionate sanctioning may result if one group of students is engaged in greater levels of misbehavior compared with the other group. Using a national high school dataset… 
Who belongs in school? Examining the link between Black and White racial disparities in sense of school belonging and suspension.
TLDR
It is found that Black students are consistently more likely to be suspended than White students, but this difference is nonsignificant in schools where Black students' sense of school belonging is much higher than that of White students', and schools' efforts toward reducing the discipline gap may benefit from making schools more welcoming to Black students.
Out-of-School Suspensions: Counter-Narratives from the Student Perspective
Out-of-school suspension (OSS) is a major disciplinary tool that has impacted large numbers of students in the United States. Most research into OSS has drawn exclusively on data collected from
An Examination of Restorative Interventions and Racial Equity in Out-of-School Suspensions
Abstract Districts have been engaged in efforts to reduce “differential processing” of discipline-referred students based on their racial backgrounds. They strive for fair assignment of exclusionary
The Role of Schools in Sustaining Juvenile Justice System Inequality
Summary:Childrens school experiences may contribute in many ways to disproportionate minority contact with the juvenile justice system, writes Paul Hirschfield. For example, research shows that black
The Effect of Video Self-Modeling for Black Boys with Challenging Behaviors in an Urban Setting
Abstract Black boys generally have the most disparate outcomes (i.e. exclusionary punishment and office referrals) in regard to discipline in schools, which necessitates the need for interventions to
Predictors and Academic Outcomes Associated With In-School Suspension
TLDR
Students who were Black, male, of lower socioeconomic status (SES), or placed in special education were significantly more likely to receive in-school suspension, and ISS was associated with lower grade point averages and increased likelihood of high school dropout.
Prior Problem Behaviors Do Not Account for the Racial Suspension Gap
At the end of 2018, Obama-era disciplinary guidance aimed at reducing the use of suspensions in schools (especially for minorities and students with disabilities) was revoked by the U.S. Department
Authoritative school climate and out-of-school suspensions: Results from a nationally-representative survey of 10th grade students
Abstract The beneficial relationship of school climate with various positive student outcomes has been demonstrated in several studies, though the relationship has not been thoroughly explored with
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 85 REFERENCES
The Social Construction of School Punishment: Racial Disadvantage Out of Universalistic Process
Black adolescents are much more likely to run afoul of the juvenile justice system than are similar white adolescents, even though the two groups self-report similar rates of offending. Within public
BLACK-WHITE DIFFERENCES IN SCHOOL SUSPENSION: EFFECT OF STUDENT BELIEFS ABOUT TEACHERS
Research suggests that there are differences in the frequency with which white and African American students are punished in schools, with African American students being 2.3 times more likely to be
Multilevel Exploration of Factors Contributing to the Overrepresentation of Black Students in Office Disciplinary Referrals
Although there is increasing awareness of the overrepresentation of ethic minority students -particularly Black students- in disciplinary actions, the extant research has rarely empirically examined
Student suspension: A critical reappraisal
This paper analyzes national level data, gathered for the Safe School Study, to directly address the question, “Why are students suspended from school?” Data are available on students in both junior
Racial Threat and Punitive School Discipline
Tests of the racial threat hypothesis, linking the racial composition of place to various measures of social control, find that where there are greater percentages of blacks, more punitive criminal
Reducing Out-of-School Suspensions: Practice Guidelines for School Social Workers
TLDR
Recent research on individual and school factors that have been shown to be associated with and predictive of out-of-school suspensions are summarized and a set of practice guidelines for reducing OSSs are presented.
Brief intervention to encourage empathic discipline cuts suspension rates in half among adolescents
TLDR
A brief intervention aimed at encouraging an empathic mindset about discipline halved student suspension rates over an academic year and bolstered respect the most at-risk students, previously suspended students, perceived from teachers.
Out of School and Off Track: The Overuse of Suspensions in American Middle and High Schools. Executive Summary.
Given the recent research showing that being suspended even once in ninth grade is associated with a twofold increase in the likelihood of dropping out, from 16% for those not suspended to 32% for
Overrepresentation of African American Students in Exclusionary Discipline The Role of School Policy
The overrepresentation of ethnic minority students, particularly African American males, in the exclusionary discipline consequences of suspension and expulsion has been consistently documented
...
...