Do American Indian mascots = American Indian people? Examining implicit bias towards American Indian people and American Indian mascots.

  title={Do American Indian mascots = American Indian people? Examining implicit bias towards American Indian people and American Indian mascots.},
  author={John M Chaney and Amanda L. Burke and Edward Burkley},
  journal={American Indian and Alaska native mental health research},
  volume={18 1},
Empirical examinations of American Indian (AI) mascots have only recently entered into the discourse of mainstream psychology. The present studies examined implicit attitudes of non-AI people towards AI mascots and the extent to which they are related to attitudes towards AI people. Significant concordance was observed between negative bias toward AI mascots and AI people. Negative AI mascot bias also predicted stereotype-consistent expectations of an AI person. The implications of these… Expand

Figures and Topics from this paper

Symbols of pride or prejudice? Examining the impact of Native American sports mascots on stereotype application
Results indicated that the effect of Native American mascots was moderated by people’s racial attitudes toward Native people, and exposed people with a prejudiced attitude rated a Native American individual more stereotypically aggressive than those with a non-prejudiced attitude. Expand
The psychosocial effects of Native American mascots: a comprehensive review of empirical research findings
ABSTRACT Approximately 2,000 teams in the U.S. utilize Native American mascots, the majority of which are associated with schools. Across the nation there continue to be many intense conflicts overExpand
Unpacking the Mascot Debate: Native American Identification Predicts Opposition to Native Mascots
While major organizations representing Native Americans (e.g., National Congress of American Indians) contend that Native mascots are stereotypical and dehumanizing, sports teams with Native mascotsExpand
Dog whistle mascots: Native American mascots as normative expressions of prejudice
Abstract In this research we examine how normative expressions of prejudice shape university communities. Across four studies, we examine the prevalence of a former university mascot depictingExpand
Effects of stereotypical media representations of American Indians on implicit and explicit bias: The power of Pocahontas
According to cultivation theory, people learn information about the world from exposure to media and according to social cognitive theory, we learn how to interact with our social environment throughExpand
Resisting and reifying racialization among urban American Indians
ABSTRACT This paper looks at the internalization and strategic utilization of racialized ideas about “Indianness” among urban American Indians (AIs). Based on 2½ years of ethnographic research in twoExpand
Being Authentically American Indian: Symbolic Identity Construction and Social Structure among Urban New Indians
This study investigates the individual and group level reconstruction of a racial-ethnic identity. Specifically, we investigate the experience of “new Indians,” or people who did not previouslyExpand
Urban American Indian Identity: Negotiating Indianness in Northeast Ohio
The number of people identifying as American Indian has increased exponentially in recent decades and the largest increases have occurred in non-reservation environments. Demographic research showsExpand
“Our Kids Aren’t Dropping Out; They’re Being Pushed Out”: Native American Students and Racial Microaggressions in Schools
ABSTRACT Poor graduation rates, truancy rates, and standardized tests results have been presented as indicators of a school crisis among Native American youths. This crisis, however, relies onExpand
What’s in a Name? Symbolic Racism, Public Opinion, and the Controversy over the NFL’s Washington Football Team Name
According to Daniel Snyder, owner of the National Football League Team formerly known as the Washington “Redskins,” “the name really means honor and respect.” For decades, Snyder pointed to pollsExpand


Effect of Exposure to an American Indian Mascot on the Tendency to Stereotype a Different Minority Group
Numerous findings have documented the adverse effects of stereotypes on those negatively portrayed by the stereotypes. Less is known about the ramifications of stereotype exposure on those who areExpand
Eliminating Native American Mascots
Many scholars have written about the problems with Native American mascots. Yet no scholar has systematically studied what factors affect the outcomes of struggles over Native American mascots. InExpand
Of Warrior Chiefs and Indian Princesses: The Psychological Consequences of American Indian Mascots
Four studies examined the consequences of American Indian mascots and other prevalent representations of American Indians on aspects of the self-concept for American Indian students. When exposed toExpand
“I’m Indian Too!”
The author examines the ways in which people who are not “ethnically Indian” have, nevertheless, strategically claimed Indianness to argue in favor of Native American mascots. The selective (mis)useExpand
Protest Against The Use of Native American Mascots: a Challenge to Traditional American Identity
This paper is focused on discourse associated with the recent social movement to eliminate the use of Native American mascots in the United States. The researcher analyzed the recent Super Bowl andExpand
The Fancy Dance of Racializing Discourse
In the United States, the Euro-American practice of using stereotypical Native American imagery and dancing in association with athletic mascots continues despite vigorous protest. This suggests thatExpand
The Mascot Slot
Caricatures of American Indians that would not now be tolerated if they portrayed other racial or ethnic groups are institutionalized in school, university, and professional sport teams andExpand
Are members of low status groups perceived as bad, or badly off? Egalitarian negative associations and automatic prejudice
Three studies explored the hypothesis that implicit measures of prejudice can tap negative, yet egalitarian associations. In Study 1, automatically associating African Americans with oppressionExpand
Privilege at Play
Using legal scholar Felix Cohen’s philosophy of Indian rights, this article provides a broad interpretive analysis of the American Indian sport imagery issue. The article begins with an introductionExpand
Native Images in Schools and the Racially Hostile Environment
This essay addresses the legal standards for the application of the racially hostile environment regulations to schools that have American Indian mascots. Expand