Do Alliances Really Deter?

@article{Kenwick2015DoAR,
  title={Do Alliances Really Deter?},
  author={Michael R. Kenwick and John A. Vasquez and Matthew Powers},
  journal={The Journal of Politics},
  year={2015},
  volume={77},
  pages={943 - 954}
}
The scholarly literature is still divided on the relationship between defensive alliances and interstate conflict. While some scholars argue that defensive alliances can deter conflict, others posit that alliances accelerate its approach. This article seeks to make headway in the debate by using a research design that examines whether the recent formation of defensive alliances leads to increases or reductions in militarized disputes and war. We find that this relationship differs in the pre… Expand
Alliances and Conflict, or Conflict and Alliances? Appraising the Causal Effect of Alliances on Conflict
The deterrent effect of military alliances is well documented and widely accepted. However, such work has typically assumed that alliances are exogenous. This is problematic as alliances mayExpand
Power changes, alliance credibility, and extended deterrence
A primary motivation for forming military alliances is to deter adversaries. However, some alliances are more effective at deterrence than others. Deterrence theory suggests that an alliance may failExpand
What Is the Relationship Between Alliance and Militarized Conflict? Analysis of Reciprocal Causation
Despite the importance of alliances in international politics, little is known about how they theoretically and empirically affect militarized conflicts and vice versa. This study aims to examine theExpand
Alliance Proximity and Effectiveness of Extended Deterrence
ABSTRACT This article examines whether geographical proximity between defensive allies and a protégé increases the likelihood of successful extended general deterrence. I argue that proximate alliesExpand
When Do Defensive Alliances Provoke Rather than Deter?
Kenwick, Vasquez, and Powers contend that defensive alliances provoke conflict; Leeds and Johnson argue that they deter conflict. I use a formal model to deduce conditions under which alliancesExpand
Defense Pacts and Deterrence: Caveat Emptor
In a previous study, we provided a novel empirical test that indicated that alliance formation is often a poor means of deterring militarized disputes or preventing war. In this issue, Leeds andExpand
The Endurance of an Asymmetrical Alliance
Despite that alliance formation commonly happen when states share mutual interests and likemindedness, it is possible to find alliances, where the states promote radically different politica l,Expand
Commanding Support: Values and Interests in the Rhetoric of Alliance Politics
ABSTRACT How can democratic governments convince their citizens to support a costly military alliance? We theorize about two rhetorical tools that foreign policy leaders have historically used toExpand
Measuring and Assessing Latent Variation in Alliance Design and Objectives
The alliance literature is bifurcated between an empirically-driven approach utilizing rigorous data, and a theoretically-motivated approach offering a rich conceptualization of alliances. Within theExpand
Theory, Data, and Deterrence: A Response to Kenwick, Vasquez, and Powers
Kenwick, Vasquez, and Powers question whether empirical evidence supports the claim that defense pacts deter conflict as our prior research has concluded. We review the theoretical argument for whyExpand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 42 REFERENCES
Do Alliances Deter Aggression? The Influence of Military Alliances on the Initiation of Militarized Interstate Disputes
Scholars have long debated the effects of military alliances on the likelihood of war, and no clear support has emerged for the argument that alliances improve the prospects for peace throughExpand
Disputed territory, defensive alliances and conflict initiation
In this study, we evaluate the effects of alliance behavior on the probability of militarized conflict initiation with specific emphasis placed on the issues at stake in the conflict. After muchExpand
Unpacking Alliances: Deterrent and Compellent Alliances and Their Relationship with Conflict, 1816–2000
Do alliances deter aggression? I develop a typology of deterrent and compellent military alliances to better define the possible conditions for intervention and use new data from 1816 to 2000 toExpand
Defense Pacts: A Prescription for Peace?
Do military alliances lead to peace or to war? Research has suggested that defensive alliances to potential targets deter dispute initiation (Leeds 2003b:427). This would seem to suggest that formingExpand
Alliance Formation and War
This article provides a game-theoretic model of alliance formation and war. The model examines how alliances affect the behavior of states. Several aspects of the alliance literature areExpand
Inducing Deterrence through Moral Hazard in Alliance Contracts
Do military alliances foster aggressive behavior in allies to the point of undermining the security goal of the alliance? Like others, we find that alliance commitments may cause moral hazard becauseExpand
The Security Dilemma in Alliance Politics
The concept of the “security dilemma” is applied to alliance relations in multipolar and bipolar systems. The dilemma involves a choice between support or nonsupport of allies, and tension betweenExpand
Signaling Alliance Commitments: Hand-Tying and Sunk Costs in Extended Nuclear Deterrence
How can states signal their alliance commitments? Although scholars have developed sophisticated theoretical models of costly signaling in international relations, we know little about which specificExpand
The Deterrent Value of Democratic Allies
Despite its theoretical and empirical importance, no studies to date have examined the deterrent value of democratic allies. To fill this void, this study concentrates precisely on this issue. TheExpand
Identifying Rivals and Rivalries in World Politics
Instead of assuming that all actors are equally likely to clash, and that they do so independently of previous clashes, rivalry analysis can focus on the small number of feuding dyads that cause muchExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...