Diving behaviour and prey of the Humboldt Penguin (Spheniscus humboldti)

@article{Wilson2005DivingBA,
  title={Diving behaviour and prey of the Humboldt Penguin (Spheniscus humboldti)},
  author={Rory P. Wilson and M. Wilson and D. Duffy and M. B. and N. Klages},
  journal={Journal f{\"u}r Ornithologie},
  year={2005},
  volume={130},
  pages={75-79}
}
Humboldt Penguins diving in clear water in Chile had two distinct behaviours; short dives $$(\bar x = 13.3 s)$$ where the birds remained within a metre of the surface and bounce dives, where the penguins descended the water column to the sea bed where they immediately returned to the surface. Here, dive time was correlated with water depth. Stomach pumped penguins had eaten predominantly pelagic school fish,Scomberesox, Engraulis andSardinops. Most prey (94 %) had been seized from below. We… Expand
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