Divided by Law: The Sit-ins and the Role of the Courts in the Civil Rights Movement

@article{Schmidt2015DividedBL,
  title={Divided by Law: The Sit-ins and the Role of the Courts in the Civil Rights Movement},
  author={Christopher W Schmidt},
  journal={Law and History Review},
  year={2015},
  volume={33},
  pages={93 - 149}
}
  • C. Schmidt
  • Published 1 February 2015
  • Law, History
  • Law and History Review
A central goal of the lunch counter sit-ins of 1960, the protests that launched the direct-action phase of the Civil Rights Movement, was to give new meaning to the very idea of “civil rights.” To the students who took part in the protests, civil rights work entailed litigation and lobbying. It required relying on the older generation of civil rights activists and working through established civil rights organizations. It meant surrendering student control over the demonstrations. And, as the… 
“People Crushed by Law Have No Hopes but from Power”: Free Speech and Protest in the 1940s
In a trio of cases handed down on the same day in 1950, the Supreme Court denied constitutional free speech protection to civil rights picketing and labor picketing. The civil rights case, Hughes v.
Jewish lawyers and the long civil rights movement 1933-1965: race, rights and representation
This dissertation demonstrates that the collective contribution of Jewish lawyers to the long civil rights movement in America was greater than the dominant narrative has suggested. It places those
A Grassroots History of Colorblind Conservative Constitutionalism
In this article, I argue that colorblind conservative constitutionalism has its roots not only in Supreme Court jurisprudence and the machinations of national political actors, but also in the
Ambitions
Ambition is a curiously neglected topic in ethics. It isn’t that philosophers have not discussed it. Plato, Aristotle, Seneca, Aquinas, Machiavelli, Harrington, Locke, Rousseau, Smith, Santayana and
The indignados social movement and the image of the occupied square: the making of a global icon
This article is concerned with how the indignados social movement (also known as M15) used distinctive symbolic and visual communication strategies to articulate their collective self-representation
Exploring Diversity and Inclusion Leadership in Complex Organizations
Even with affirmative action legislation and diversity programs, organizations struggle to create a diverse and inclusive 21st-century workplace. The purpose of this qualitative, classical Delphi
The Negro Revolt
Inevitably, reading is one of the requirements to be undergone. To improve the performance and quality, someone needs to have something new every day. It will suggest you to have more inspirations,
The Louis Lomax Show
  • The Life and Times of Louis Lomax
  • 2021
When the Word Is Given
  • The Life and Times of Louis Lomax
  • 2021
From Privilege to Prison
  • History
    The Life and Times of Louis Lomax
  • 2021
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 93 REFERENCES
The Sit-Ins and the State Action Doctrine
By taking their seats at “whites only” lunch counters across the South in the spring of 1960, African American students not only launched a dramatic new stage in the civil rights movement, they also
Conceptions of Law in the Civil Rights Movement
This Article unfolds in three main Parts. In Part II, I begin my examination of the way law was conceptualized during the civil rights movement with a consideration of three efforts to sharpen the
Law and Mass Politics in the Making of the Civil Rights Lawyer, 1931-1941
What was the role of law and lawyers in the civil rights movement? Recent work has emphasized a tension between the legal strategies of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
Bringing the Law Back into the History of the Civil Rights Movement
It is a pleasure to comment on Nancy MacLean's hugely important book Freedom is Not Enough: The Opening of the American Workplace as an example of what I might call “bringing the law back in” to the
Defending the Right to Discriminate: The Libertarian Challenge to the Civil Rights Movement
Alongside arguments based on principles of states’ rights and deference to majoritarian white supremacist traditions, a libertarian critique of antidiscrimination policy was a basic element of the
Making Civil Rights Law: Thurgood Marshall and the Supreme Court, 1936-1961
From the 1930s to the early 1960s civil rights law was made primarily through constitutional litigation. Before Rosa Parks could ignite a Montgomery Bus Boycott, the Supreme Court had to strike down
Reform Litigation on Trial
Legal scholars in recent decades have devoted considerable attention to analysis regarding the utility of litigation as a resource for social reform in the United States. By and large, the tenor of
Rethinking Civil Rights Lawyering and Politics in the Era before Brown
This Article argues that scholarly accounts of civil rights lawyering and politics have emphasized, incorrectly, a narrative that begins with Plessy v. Ferguson and ends with Brown v. Board of
Lawyers, Law, and the New Civil Rights History
This essay reviews "Representing the Race: The Creation of the Civil Rights Lawyer" by Kenneth W. Mack. The essay first describes Mack’s collective biography of African American lawyers who struggled
Dividing Lines: Municipal Politics and the Struggle for Civil Rights in Montgomery, Birmingham, and Selma
Twenty years in the making, this book is the definitive study of the political cultures that reigned in the three Alabama cities central to the development of the civil rights movement in the 1950s
...
...