Diversity of nematode destroying fungi in Taita Taveta, Kenya

  title={Diversity of nematode destroying fungi in Taita Taveta, Kenya},
  author={Peter M. Wachira and Richard K. Mibey and Sheila Okoth and John Wangai Kimenju and J N Kiarie},
  journal={Fungal Ecology},
Screening of different sample types associated with sheep and cattle for the presence of nematophagous fungi in China
Based on Shannon diversity index, the diversity levels of nematophagous fungi were relatively higher in samples associated with cattle, barn soil, and subtropical monsoon climate zone.
Isolation and selection of Arthrobotrys nematophagous fungi to control the nematodes on coffee and black pepper plants in Vietnam
The greenhouse and field experiments showed that selected nematode were capable to trapping the nematodes and reduced the density of Nematodes in soils planted coffee and pepper.
Isolation and characterization of the nematophagous fungus Arthrobotrys conoides
The present study aimed to isolate, identify, and assess the in vitro predatory activity of nematophagous fungi that had been isolated on Trichostrongylidae third-instar larvae, and selected the isolate with superior predatory activity in vitro, identified as Arthrobotrys conoides.
Genetic diversity and recombination in natural populations of the nematode-trapping fungus Arthrobotrys oligospora from China
Interestingly, populations from stressful environments seemed to be more variable and showed more evidence for recombination than those from benign environments at the same geographic areas, and the implications to the conservation and biocontrol application of A. oligospora in agriculture and forestry are discussed.
Microbial control: A potential tool for management of plant parasitic nematodes in black pepper (Piper nigrum L.)
Fungal pathogens and bacterial pathogens have been studied and proved as potential agents for microbial control of plant parasitic nematodes in black pepper and the different microbial agents to manage plant parasitic Nematodes are discussed.
Arthrobotrys oligospora: a model organism for understanding the interaction between fungi and nematodes
It is argued for an increased role for A. oligospora in complementing other model systems in biological control research, and as a system to identify and characterize the ecology and biology of nematode-trapping fungi.
Insight into the transcriptome of Arthrobotrys conoides using high throughput sequencing
A comprehensive look is provided at the transcriptome of A. conoides and the identified unigenes might have a role in catching and killing prey nematodes by A.conoides.
Fungi as Biological Control Agents of Plant-Parasitic Nematodes
In this chapter important nematode parasitic and antagonistic fungi are divided into nematophagous and endophytic fungi, and their taxonomy, distribution, ecology, biology and their mode of action are discussed.
In vitro and in planta nematicidal activity of Fumaria parviflora (Fumariaceae) against the southern rootâ•’knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita
This paper presents a new probabilistic procedure called “spot-spot analysis” that allows for real-time analysis of the response of the immune system to foreign substances.
In vitro and in planta nematicidal activity of Fumaria parviflora (Fumariaceae) against the southern root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita
In vitro and in planta results suggest that extracts from the roots and stem of F. parviflora may be potential novel nematicides, which significantly increased the host plant growth parameters studied.


Suppression of nematodes in a coastal grassland soil
The nematophagous fungi Arthrobotrys oligospora and Myzocytiopsis glutinospora increase to large numbers when moth larvae killed by entomopathogenic nematodes are added to soil microcosms, but it is unclear how effective they are in suppressing nematode suppression.
Nematode-trapping fungi of a natural shrubland: Tests for food chain involvement
The spatial and temporal changes in the abundance of nematode-trapping fungi and in suppression of nem atodes in a coastal shrub- land are described and the involvement of ne- matophagous organisms, including nematodes-trap- ping fungi is described.
Diversity and trapping efficiency of nematophagous fungi from Oman.
A systematic study showed that A. oudemansii, A. multiformis and A. javanica were morphologically more variable than was so far known and represented the second record of this species worldwide.
Screening of Soil and Sheep Faecal Samples for Predacious Fungi: Isolation and Characterization of the Nematode-Trapping Fungus Arthrobotrys oligospora
The nematode-trapping fungus A. oligospora is reported from soil of Iran for the first time and its potential role in biocontrol of gastrointestinal nematodes of ruminants is discussed.
Screening for Indian Isolates of Predacious Fungi for Use in Biological Control against Nematode Parasites of Ruminants
  • P. Sanyal
  • Biology, Medicine
    Veterinary Research Communications
  • 2004
The ovine isolate of D. flagrans was superior in all respects to the isolate from buffalo and was the most promising candidate for biological control of nematode parasites of ruminants.
Prospects for controlling animal parasitic nematodes by predacious micro fungi
Under Danish climatic conditions it has been shown that the number of parasite larvae on pasture and the worm burden of the grazing animals is significantly reduced when animals are fed spores during the initial 2–3 months of the pasture season.
Extracellular enzymes and the pathogenesis of nematophagous fungi
The roles of extracellular hydrolytic enzymes and other virulence factors involved in infection against nematodes were summarized and the biochemical properties and peptide sequences of a special group of enzymes were compared, and their implications in infections were discussed.