Diversity of Wolbachia Associated with the Giant Turtle Ant, Cephalotes atratus

@article{Kelly2019DiversityOW,
  title={Diversity of Wolbachia Associated with the Giant Turtle Ant, Cephalotes atratus},
  author={Madeleine Louise Kelly and Shauna L. Price and Manuela de Oliveira Ramalho and Corrie S. Moreau},
  journal={Current Microbiology},
  year={2019},
  volume={76},
  pages={1330 - 1337}
}
Symbiotic relationships between organisms are common throughout the tree of life, and often these organisms share an evolutionary history. In turtle ants (Cephalotes), symbiotic associations with bacteria are known to be especially important for supplementing the nutrients that their herbivorous diets do not provide. However, much remains unknown about the diversity of many common bacterial symbionts with turtle ants, such as Wolbachia. Here, we surveyed the diversity of Wolbachia, focusing on… 

New Strains of Wolbachia Unveiling the Complexity of This Symbiotic Interaction in Solenopsis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

The phylogenetic relationship between the strains showed a polyphyletic pattern, indicative of the complexity of the evolutionary history of these bacteria in the analyzed species and the need for further studies that focus on understanding of this intricate relationship.

The Evolution and Biogeography of Wolbachia in Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

The data suggest that supergroup F is the ancestral character state for Wolbachia infection in ants, and there is only one transition to super group A, and once ants acquired infection with supergroup A, there have been no other strains introduced.

Wolbachia Infection in Native Populations of the Invasive Tawny Crazy Ant Nylanderia fulva

The findings suggest there are three recent horizontally transmitted Wolbachia infections in N. fulva, and the phylogenetic tree inferred with MLST genes is partially congruent with the host phylogeny topology, with the exception of a lineage of strains shared by ants from different N. Fulva clades that are not monophyletic.

Wolbachia Across Social Insects: Patterns and Implications

The main findings reveal that the diversity of Wolbachia (supergroups) is correlated with the host insect taxonomy, biogeography, and social/solitary behavior.

Ongoing Coevolution of Wolbachia and a Widespread Invasive Ant, Anoplolepis gracilipes

Nearly 100% prevalence of Wolbachia is reported in the global populations of the yellow crazy ant, Anoplolepis gracilipes, and a WolbachIA hypothetical protein gene with signature of positive selection is found, allowing us to characterize Wolbachian-ant coevolution and raise a question about mechanism(s) underlying maintenance of high prevalence of wirkia during the colonization of this invasive ant.

What Can the Bacterial Community of Atta sexdens (Linnaeus, 1758) Tell Us about the Habitats in Which This Ant Species Evolves?

The results revealed that the bacterial community associated with A. sexdens is mainly influenced by the geographical location, and secondarily by the differences in habitat, while environmental shifts may influence the bacterial diversity found in A.sexdens.

Identifying the Role of Elevation, Geography, and Species Identity in Structuring Turtle Ant (Cephalotes Latreille, 1802) Bacterial Communities.

Bacterial communities in animals are often necessary for hosts to survive, particularly for hosts with nutrient-limited diets. The composition, abundance, and richness of these bacterial communities

The microbiota of the Lasius fuliginosus – Pella laticollis myrmecophilous interaction

The bacterial communities associated with larvae and adults of both L. fuliginosus and P. laticollis formed clusters according to the host’s identity and its developmental stage, and a heightened abundance of Pseudomonas in the insects’ profiles.

Phylogeny and Strain Typing of Wolbachia from Yamatotettix flavovittatus Matsumura Leafhoppers

This is the first study characterizing Wolbachia strains in Y. flavovittatus through amplification of the wsp gene, and the results reveal a novel strain and multiple STs of Wolachia, and these data may prove useful in the exploitation of Wol Bachia as a biological Y.fla control agent.

First Insight into Microbiome Profiles of Myrmecophilous Beetles and Their Host, Red Wood Ant Formica polyctena (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)—A Case Study

The relationships among the microbiome profiles were complex, and no relative abundance pattern common to all myrmecophilous beetles tested was observed, however, some subtle, species-specific patterns have been observed for bacterial communities associated with D. pygmaeus, M. angusticollis, and T. angulata.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 60 REFERENCES

Specialization and Geographic Isolation Among Wolbachia Symbionts from Ants and Lycaenid Butterflies

It is concluded that both geographic and phylogenetic barriers have promoted evolutionary divergence among these influential symbionts, providing the broadest and strongest evidence to date for Wolbachia specialization.

Multiple gains and losses of Wolbachia symbionts across a tribe of fungus‐growing ants

It is suggested that infection loss and horizontal transmission have driven epidemics or selective sweeps of Wolbachia, resulting in multiple gains and losses of infection across the fungus‐growing ants.

Widespread occurrence of the microorganism Wolbachia in ants

A first PCR–based Wolbachia screening in ants is reported on, finding that out of 50 Indo–Australian species, 50% screened positive for an A–group strain, and one of these species also harboured a B-group strain in a double infection.

Toward a Wolbachia Multilocus Sequence Typing System: Discrimination of Wolbachia Strains Present in Drosophila Species

The results demonstrate the discriminatory power of MLST for identifying strains and clonal lineages of Wolbachia and provide a robust foundation for studying the ecology and evolution of this widespread endosymbiont.

Diversity of Wolbachia in Odontotermes spp. (Termitidae) and Coptotermes heimi (Rhinotermitidae) using the multigene approach.

A striking diversity was observed among Wolbachia strains in closely related hosts based on five MLST genes (ftsZ, coxA, fbpA, hcpA and gatB) and the 16S rRNA gene.

Wolbachia infections in native and introduced populations of fire ants (Solenopsis spp.)

The presence of Wolbachia is reported in native South American populations of the fire ant Solenopsisinvicta, but the apparent absence of the bacteria in introduced populations of this pest species in the USA is reported.

Discovery of a Novel Wolbachia Supergroup in Isoptera

This study reports on the putative discovery of a new genetic lineage, denoted supergroup H, which infects the Isopteran species Zootermopsis angusticollis and Z. nevadensis and suggests that surveys of Wolbachia in more earlier-originating groups of arthropods are more apt to reveal novel genetic diversity.

Multilocus Sequence Typing System for the Endosymbiont Wolbachia pipientis

A multilocus sequence typing (MLST) scheme as a universal genotyping tool for Wolbachia was developed and was shown to be effective for detecting diversity among strains within a single host species, as well as for identifying closely related strains found in different arthropod hosts.

Phylogeny and PCR–based classification of Wolbachia strains using wsp gene sequences

A method based on the use of group–specificwsp PCR primers which will allow Wolbachia isolates to be typed without the need to clone and sequence individualWolbachia genes is presented, which should facilitate future studies investigating the distribution and biology of these bacteria.
...