Diversity in the New World Membracidae

  title={Diversity in the New World Membracidae},
  author={Thomas K. Wood},
  journal={Annual Review of Entomology},
  • T. Wood
  • Published 1993
  • Biology
  • Annual Review of Entomology
synthesis of information, but this process is offset by major gaps in basic life-history information. In this review, I attempt to identify morpho­ logical, geographical, behavioral, ecological, taxonomic, and life-history patterns that characterize the extant New World membracid (treehopper) fauna. Recognition of these patterns may provide insight into the processes that promoted phylogenetic divergences in the family and will enhance our understanding of the forces contributing to insect… 

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  • T. Wood
  • Biology
    Evolution; international journal of organic evolution
  • 1980
Evidence from a number of insect groups suggests intraspecific divergence and reproductive isolation may, under some conditions, occur in sympatric populations.


Past work with the treehopper Enchenopa binotata suggests that this insect diverged along host plant lines into a complex of sympatric reproductively isolated species, and the following hypothesis based on the work of Bush (1975) is suggested.

The Role of Host Plants in the Speciation of Treehoppers: An example from the Enchenopa binotata Complex

Recent studies on the origin of insect races and speciation in certain phytophagous insect complexes have forced systematists to revise their ideas concerning modes of animal speciation. Rapid

Life history, morphology, and taxonomy of Acutalis tartarea (Say) (Homoptera: Membracidae).

The life history, morphology, and taxonomic status of A. tartarea is reported on and the morphological characters of each life stage were described and illus trated with the aid of a camera lucida mounted on a dissecting microscope.

Egg Froth Distribution and Deposition by Enchenopa binotata (Homoptera: Membracidae

There have been various reports on the distribution of adult membracids upon their host plants; the tree-inhabiting species are most likely to be found on saplings, or on older trees, on the youngest twigs.

Parental Care in Guayaquila compressa Walker (Homoptera: Membracidae)

My studies (unpublished) and those by Hinton (1977) indicate female parental care is common in this family, particularly in the new world tropics, and evidence for 2 major types of parental care in the family.

Iteroparity and Semelparity in Insects

The objectives are to discuss the appropriate time scale of comparison of reproductive effort by organisms and to examine some patterns of insect reproduction in terms of the semelparous-iteroparous model.

Host‐plant mediated geographic variation in the life history of Platycotis vittata (Homoptera: Membracidae)

The role of host‐plant mediated life history variation as a process promoting intraspecific geographic differentiation in the arboreal sap‐feeding guild is discussed.

Microgeographic Genetic Variation in the Enchenopa binotata Complex (Homoptera: Membracidae)

Enchenopa from different species of host plant exhibit minor differences in population structuring; FST is greatest for treehoppers on Juglans and approximately equal for insects on Ptelea and on Cercis.

Homopteran Attendance by Wasps and Ants:The Stochastic Nature of Interactions

This account is unique in the literature on Hymenoptera-Homoptera associations because it addresses observable interference between hymenopteran attendants, reports behavioral preference by homopterans for certain hymenopreran attendants, and describes an interaction between a polistine wasp and an aetalionid planthopper.