Diversity and taxonomy of Chaetomium and chaetomium-like fungi from indoor environments

  title={Diversity and taxonomy of Chaetomium and chaetomium-like fungi from indoor environments},
  author={X.‐W. Wang and Jos Houbraken and J.Z. Groenewald and Martin Meijer and Birgitte Andersen and Kristian Fog Nielsen and Pedro W. Crous and Robert A Samson},
  journal={Studies in Mycology},
  pages={145 - 224}
Chaetomium and Chaetomium-like Species from European Indoor Environments Include Dichotomopilus finlandicus sp. nov.
The aims of this research were to identify Chaetomium and ChaetOMium-like strains isolated from indoor environments in Hungary and Finland, two geographically distant regions of Europe with drier and wetter continental climates, respectively, and to study their morphological and physiological properties, as well as their extracellular enzyme activities.
Taxonomy and Biodiversity of the Genus Chaetomium in Different Habitats
The goal of this chapter is to represent the biodiversity of genus Chaetomium in a wide range of environmental habitats including deserts, salterns, agricultural, mangrove, living plants and animals, air, decayed wood, stones, and human.
Characterization of Three Species of Sordariomycetes Isolated from Freshwater and Soil Samples in Korea
During a survey of fungal diversity in the class Sordariomycetes, 3 fungal strains were isolated from soil and freshwater samples in Korea and were identified as Arcopilus aureus, Memnoniella echinata, and Stachybotrys sansevieriae, respectively.
Increasing the species diversity in the Aspergillus section Nidulantes: Six novel species mainly from the indoor environment
The phylogenetic analysis supported the splitting hypothesis in all cases, and based on the combined approach, the species boundaries within several clades of section Nidulantes are reevaluated, and six new species are proposed, four that are homothallic and two anamorphic.
Culturable mycobiota from Karst caves in China, with descriptions of 20 new species
It is concluded that Karst caves encompass a high fungal diversity, including a number of previously unknown species, including 20 new species that are described in this paper.
Phylogeny of saprobic microfungi from Southern Europe
Molecular identification of Chaetomium species from soil in Vietnam.
These strains were strongly antagonistic activity against Neoscytalidium dimidiatum causing brown spot disease of Hylocereus undatus (white-fleshed pitahaya) in Vietnam and maybe formulate as biological fungicide to control this serious disease in the field.
Botryotrichum domesticum sp. nov., a new hyphomycete from an indoor environment
Here we report on a fungus that is new to science and was isolated from a swab sample collected in a Massachusetts (USA) residence. Morphological characters of the fungus were studied and DNA
Molecular identification of five species of family Chaetomiaceae (Sordariomycetes, Ascomycota) from Iraqi soil
Five ascomycetes fungi within the family Chaetomiaceae were isolated from Iraqi agricultural soil and identified by phenotypic characteristics and molecular analysis and reported for the first time from the Iraqi mycobiota.
Biodiversity of fungi in hot desert sands
An unexpectedly large fungal biodiversity in the Middle East desert sand and their possible role and implications on human health are shown.


The genus Chaetomium in Iran, a phylogenetic study including six new species
A combined sequence dataset of the ITS region, partial LSU rDNA, and β-tubulin gene sufficiently resolved five species groups of Chaetomium that are largely concordant with combined features of peridium structure, ascospore shape and germ pore position.
Phylogenetic assessment of Chaetomium indicum and allied species, with the introduction of three new species and epitypification of C. funicola and C. indicum
Historically, the Chaetomium indicum group contained six species with similar ascus and ascospore morphology. Large morphological variation in their branched ascomatal hairs often resulted in
Phylogenetic reassessment of the Chaetomium globosum species complex
Thirty-six species are identified based on phylogenetic inference of six loci, supported by typical morphological characters, mainly ascospore shape, and 12 species are newly described here, including C. globosum s.str.
Species concepts in Cercospora: spotting the weeds among the roses
No single locus was found to be the ideal DNA barcode gene for the genus, and species identification needs to be based on a combination of gene loci and morphological characters.
A re-evaluation of genus Chaetomidium based on molecular and morphological characters
The results of these analyses showed that Chaetomidium is polyphyletic and should be restricted to its type, C. fimeti, and C. subfimeti.
Chaetoglobosins and azaphilones produced by Canadian strains of Chaetomium globosum isolated from the indoor environment
The data support the use of metabolite profiles for resolving the taxonomy of some economically important Chaetomium species and provide knowledge of the dominant toxins produced by fungal strains from the built environment and characterization of pure compounds for toxicity testing.
Chaetomium-like fungi causing opportunistic infections in humans: a possible role for extremotolerance
Three new species are described; two belong to the genus Subramaniula and one represents a Chaetomium species, which was isolated from a kidney transplant patient suffering from fungal peritonitis.
Phylogeny and systematics of the genus Calonectria
The identity of a large collection of Calonectria isolates from various geographic regions was determined using morphological and DNA sequence comparisons, which resulted in the discovery of seven new species; Ca.
Phylogenetic Findings Suggest Possible New Habitat and Routes of Infection of Human Eumyctoma
It is hypothesized that cattle dung, ubiquitously present in rural East Africa, plays a significant role in the ecology of Madurella, and preventative measures may involve the use of appropriate footwear in addition to restructuring of villages to reduce the frequency of contact with etiologic agents of mycetoma.
Potentially harmful secondary metabolites produced by indoor Chaetomium species on artificially and naturally contaminated building materials
A liquid chromatography high-resolution mass spectrometry approach was used to screen both artificially and naturally infected building materials for all the Chaetomium metabolites described in the literature and Cochliodones were detected for the first time on all building materials infected by both C. globosum and ChaetOMium elatum and are thus candidates as Chaetmium biomarkers.