Diversity and potential correlations to the function of Collembola cuticle structures

@article{Nickerl2012DiversityAP,
  title={Diversity and potential correlations to the function of Collembola cuticle structures},
  author={Julia Nickerl and Ralf Helbig and H. J. Schulz and Carsten Werner and Christoph Neinhuis},
  journal={Zoomorphology},
  year={2012},
  volume={132},
  pages={183-195}
}
Collembola (springtails) are soil arthropods, representing the most widespread hexapod group worldwide. Being skin-breathing animals, Collembola evolved special cuticular patterns, which are robust and antiadhesive allowing cuticular respiration under humid conditions in the soil environment. Details about function and formation of these unique cuticle characters are still unknown. Here we demonstrate that a high diversity of cuticular structures exists and that the different observed… 
The multi-layered protective cuticle of Collembola: a chemical analysis
TLDR
It was found that the non-wetting characteristics base on a rather typical arthropod cuticle surface chemistry which confirms the decisive role of the cuticle topography.
Seasonal change in the wetting characteristics of the cuticle of the Collembola Cryptopygus clavatus (Schött, 1893)
TLDR
A change in the epicuticular wax layer could explain the differences in wetting performance of the cuticle of Collembola Cryptopygus clavatus, which is described as not water repellent.
Diversity of Cuticular Micro- and Nanostructures on Insects: Properties, Functions, and Potential Applications.
TLDR
Of particular importance are structures that imbue cuticle with antiwetting properties, self-cleaning abilities, antireflection, enhanced color, adhesion, and antimicrobial and specific cell-attachment properties.
Collembola cuticles and the three-phase line tension
TLDR
The cuticles of most springtails (Collembola) are superhydrophobic, but the mechanism has not been described in detail, and using simple wetting models to describe the composite wetting of the cuticular surface structures results in underestimating the contact angles of water.
Dispersal of bacteria and stimulation of permafrost decomposition by Collembola
. Contrary to most soils, permafrost soils have the atypical feature of being almost entirely deprived of soil fauna. Abiotic constraints on the fate of permafrost carbon after thawing are
Numerical simulation of the pattern formation of the springtail cuticle nanostructures
TLDR
A typical morphology is obtained that is highly similar to the ones observed on the cuticle of some springtail species, important not only for the understanding of the formation of hierarchical nanoscale structures in nature, but also for the fabrication of novel surface coatings.
Land Use Influences Antibiotic Resistance in the Microbiome of Soil Collembolans Orchesellides sinensis.
TLDR
The findings suggest that resistance genes are pervasive in the microbiome associated with the field collembolan and the activity of the collembolans may contribute to the spread and dissemination of resistance genes in the environment, an aspect of ARGs that has until now been largely overlooked.
Collembolan Transcriptomes Highlight Molecular Evolution of Hexapods and Provide Clues on the Adaptation to Terrestrial Life
TLDR
It is suggested that the identified gene families represent processes that have played a key role in the divergence of hexapod within the pancrustacean clade that eventually evolved into the most species-rich group of all animals, the hexapods.
Wetting resistance at its topographical limit: the benefit of mushroom and serif T structures.
TLDR
The results indicate the decisive role of the sectional profile of overhanging structures to form a robust heterogeneous wetting state for low-surface-tension liquids that enables the omniphobicity.
The springtail cuticle as a blueprint for omniphobic surfaces.
TLDR
This review reports on the liquid-repellent natural surfaces of arthropods living in aqueous or temporarily flooded habitats including water-walking insects or water spiders, and provides general design criteria for robust omniphobic surfaces.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 45 REFERENCES
Transpiration in Podura Aquatica L. (Collembola, Isotomidae) and the Wetting Properties of its Cuticle
1. In the collembolan, Podura aquatica , transpiration through the cuticle is high at all relative humidities. Above 90% relative humidity, cuticular permeability is abnormally high but no adequate
Smart Skin Patterns Protect Springtails
TLDR
It is demonstrated that collembolan skin can resist wetting by many organic liquids and at elevated pressures and that the combination of bristles and a comb-like hexagonal or rhombic mesh of interconnected nanoscopic granules distinguish the skin of springtails from anti-adhesive plant surfaces.
Recent advances in Collembola systematics
Memoirs: On the Tracheal System of Collembola, with special reference to that of Sminthurus viridis, Lubb
TLDR
The tracheae are found to be a constant feature in all members of the Sminthurinae examined and the position of these is in the anterior region of the prothorax, and not in the head or cervicum as previously believed.
Molecular phylogeny of Collembola inferred from ribosomal RNA genes.
Reevaluating the arthropod tree of life.
TLDR
Monophyly of Pycnogonida, Euchelicerata, Myriapoda, Tetraconata, and Hexapoda is well supported, but the interrelationships of arachnid orders and the details of crustacean paraphyly with respect to Hexapda remain the major unsolved phylogenetic problems.
Higher-level crustacean phylogeny: consensus and conflicting hypotheses.
  • R. Jenner
  • Biology
    Arthropod structure & development
  • 2010
Many hexapod groups originated earlier and withstood extinction events better than previously realized: inferences from supertrees
TLDR
This study shows how combining fossil with phylogenetic information can improve macroevolutionary inferences by providing the first composite estimates of hexapod order-level phylogeny using the supertree approach.
Vergleichende Untersuchungen zur Atmungsphysiologie von Collembolen (Apterygota) und anderen Bodenkleinarthropoden
  • D. Zinkler
  • Chemistry
    Zeitschrift für vergleichende Physiologie
  • 2004
ZusammenfassungMit einem Warburg-Gerät unter Verwendung neu entwickelter Mikro-Einheiten wurde der Sauerstoffverbrauch verschiedener bodenbiologisch wichtiger Kleinarthropoden vergleichend
...
...