Diversity and endemism of ciliates inhabiting Neotropical phytotelmata

  title={Diversity and endemism of ciliates inhabiting Neotropical phytotelmata},
  author={Micah Dunthorn and Thorsten Stoeck and Klaus Wolf and Hans-Werner Breiner and Wilhelm Foissner},
  journal={Systematics and Biodiversity},
  pages={195 - 205}
While the diversity and distribution of macro-organisms living in phytotelmata (plant-container habitats) is well known, detailed taxonomic work on micro-organisms living in the same environments is limited. As a model clade of microbial eukaryotes, sampling of ciliates in Neotropical bromeliad tanks increased, and Neotropical phytotelmata such as bamboo stumps and tree holes were newly sampled. Thirty-three isolates from Brazil, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Jamaica and Mexico were sequenced… 

Characterization of ciliate diversity in bromeliad tank waters from the Brazilian Atlantic Forest.

Free-living ciliates from epiphytic tank bromeliads in Mexico.

Ecological Study of the Active Ciliate Community from Bromeliads during the Humid Season in Different Types of Forests of the Mexican Neotropics

Bromeliads are a Neotropical family of monocots, colonized by several families of ciliates, with some species that inhabit only this type of microecosystems. Ecological factors such as the presence

Two coexisting tank bromeliads host distinct algal communities on a tropical inselberg.

Using a redundancy analysis, it is found that water volume, habitat complexity and the density of phagotrophic protozoa and collector-gatherer invertebrates were the main factors explaining the distribution of the algal taxa among the samples.

Functional Ecology of the Ciliate Glaucomides bromelicola, and Comparison with the Sympatric Species Bromeliothrix metopoides

The ecology and life strategy of Glaucomides bromelicola, a very common ciliate in the reservoirs (tanks) of bromeliads, is investigated, assessing its response to food quality and quantity and pH, and competition experiments with the frequently coexisting species Bromeliothrix metopoides.

Dominance of Ciliophora and Chlorophyta among phyllosphere protists of Solanaceous plants

Phyllosphere microbiota play an important role in shaping plant health and function, but most research has focused only on bacterial and fungal communities. As a result, little is known about the

Rainfall influence on species composition of the ciliate community inhabiting bromeliad phytotelmata

The rainfall is, undoubtedly, the main factor structuring the community and determining the ciliate species composition in the phytotelmata of the bromeliads, and the closeness of the plants with the river is also an important factor for the structuration of the community.

Remarkably Complex Microbial Community Composition in Bromeliad Tank Waters Revealed by eDNA Metabarcoding

The results indicate that additional attention should be devoted to within‐individual heterogeneity when assessing bromeliad phytotelmata biodiversity, and highlight the complexity of the biotic assemblages gathered in these unique habitats.

Selective predation by a harpacticoid copepod on ciliates in phytotelmata: a laboratory experiment

It is suggested that predation by harpacticoid copepod is an important factor influencing ciliate community structure in phytotelmata in Cordillera de la Costa, Northern Venezuela.



Biogeography and dispersal of micro-organisms: a review emphasizing protists

This review summarizes data on the biogeography and dispersal of bacteria, microfungi and selected protists, such as dinoflagellates, chrysophytes, testate amoebae, and ciliates. Furthermore, it

Endemic ciliates ( Protozoa , Ciliophora ) from tank bromeliads ( Bromeliaceae ) : a combined morphological , molecular , and ecological study

This part of the project should firmly establish the specificity of the bromelian tank ciliate community and thus the occurrence of microorganisms with restricted geographic distribution and to contribute to biodiversity of protists from a region of which very few is known.

Phytotelmata: Biota and Community Structure Determination in Plant-Held Waters

Phytotelmata are small, numerous, amenable to experimentation, exist in various degrees of isolation, un-.

Morphology and ontogenesis of Lambornella trichoglossa nov. spec., a new tetrahymenid ciliate (Protozoa, Ciliophora) from Brasilian tank bromeliads (Bromeliaceae)

The morphology and ontogenesis of new ciliates occurring in the cisterns of tank bromeliads, a group of rosette plants of tropical America, entrapping rainwater between the coalescing leaf axils are described, finding a large, conspicuous ciliate that might be restricted to South America or Gondwana.

Biodiversity at the Microbial Level: The Number of Free-Living Ciliates in the Biosphere

An accurate picture of ciliate diversity on a global scale will require substantial taxonomic revision of many long-established and crowded genera, together with the investigation and description of new forms from previously unexplored habitats.

Morphology and ontogenesis of Bromeliophrya brasiliensis gen. n., sp. n., a new ciliate [Protozoa: Ciliophora] from Brazilian tank bromeliads [Bromeliaceae]

The morphology and ontogenesis of new ciliates occurring in the cisterns of tank bromeliads, a group of rosette plants of tropical America, entrapping rainwater between the coalescing leaf axils, indicates the Glaucomidae as the nearest relatives of the Bromeliophryidae.

Bromeliaceae: Profile of an Adaptive Radiation

This book, first published in 2000, presents a synthesis of the extensive information available on the biology of Bromeliacea, a largely neotropical family of about 2700 described species, concentrates on function and underlying mechanisms.

Soil ciliates (protozoa, ciliophora) from Namibia (Southwest Africa), with emphasis on two contrasting environments, the Etosha Region and the Namib Desert

The monograph contains only one third of the species actually living in the highly diverse terrestrial habitats of Namibia, and shows that there must be many more free-living ciliate species globally than the 3000 estimated by FlNLAY.

Diversity and geographic distribution of ciliates (Protista: Ciliophora)

The data indicate that ciliate biogeography is similar to that of plants and animals, but with an increased proportion of cosmopolites, favouring the moderate endemicity model.