Diversion in the Criminal Justice System

@inproceedings{MuellerSmith2018DiversionIT,
  title={Diversion in the Criminal Justice System},
  author={Michael Mueller-Smith and Kevin T. Schnepel},
  year={2018}
}
This paper provides the first causal estimates on the popular, cost-saving practice of diversion in the criminal justice system, an intervention that provides offenders with a second chance to avoid a criminal record. We exploit two natural experiments in Harris County, Texas where first-time felony defendants faced abrupt changes in the probability of diversion. Using administrative data and regression discontinuity methods, we find robust evidence across both experiments that diversion cuts… Expand
The Impact of Felony Diversion in San Francisco
In the traditional criminal justice system, an arrest is followed by multiple decision points determining detention, prosecution, guilt, and sentence. Many jurisdictions across the United States areExpand
Who Gets a Second Chance? Effectiveness and Equity in Supervision of Criminal Offenders*
Most convicted criminals are sentenced to probation and allowed to return home. On probation, however, a technical rule violation such as not paying fees can result in incarceration. Rule violationsExpand
Criminal Capital Persistence: Evidence from 90,000 Inmates’ Releases
We study persistence in criminal capital by looking at the effects of inmates’ releases on crime around prisons in Colombia. Leveraging detailed geographic and temporal information on the universe ofExpand
Misdemeanor Prosecution
Communities across the United States are reconsidering the public safety benefits of prosecuting nonviolent misdemeanor offenses. So far there has been little empirical evidence to inform policy inExpand
Encouraging Desistance from Crime
Half of individuals released from prison in the United States will be re-incarcerated within three years, creating an incarceration cycle that is detrimental to individuals, families, andExpand
Do Private Prisons Affect Criminal Sentencing?
Using a newly constructed complete monthly panel of private and public state prisons, we ask whether private prisons impact judges’ sentencing decisions in their state. We employ two identificationExpand
The Effects of Time in Prison and Time on Parole on Recidivism
In the United States, every year roughly 600,000 people are released from prison, two-thirds of them without having served their full sentence behind bars. Yet little is known about how releaseExpand
Modernizing Person-Level Entity Resolution with Biometrically Linked Records
The increased utilization of administrative data in economics research has led economists to learn and deploy new empirical methods to prepare non-research data for analysis purposes. This paperExpand

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 82 REFERENCES
Juvenile Incarceration, Human Capital and Future Crime: Evidence from Randomly-Assigned Judges
Over 130,000 juveniles are detained in the US each year with 70,000 in detention on any given day, yet little is known whether such a penalty deters future crime or interrupts social and humanExpand
THE CRIMINAL AND LABOR MARKET IMPACTS OF INCARCERATION
This paper investigates the preand post-release impacts of incarceration on criminal behavior, economic wellbeing and family formation using new data from Harris County, Texas. The research designExpand
The Mark of a Criminal Record1
  • D. Pager
  • Medicine
  • American Journal of Sociology
  • 2003
TLDR
The findings of this study reveal an important, and much underrecognized, mechanism of stratification in the criminal justice system, which presents a major barrier to employment, with important implications for racial disparities. Expand
Unmarked? Criminal Record Clearing and Employment Outcomes
The staggering impacts of the decades-long wars on crime and drugs are well-known. Almost seven million Americans – one in 35 adults – are incarcerated or under correctional supervision (Bureau ofExpand
Incarceration, Recidivism, and Employment
Using a random judge design and panel data from Norway, we estimate that imprisonment discourages further criminal behavior, with reoffense probabilities falling by 29 percentage points and criminalExpand
More Time, Less Crime? Estimating the Incapacitative Effect of Sentence Enhancements
  • E. Owens
  • Psychology
  • The Journal of Law and Economics
  • 2009
Sentence enhancements may reduce crime both by deterring potential criminals and by incapacitating previous offenders, removing these possible recidivists from society for longer periods. I estimateExpand
Distortion of Justice: How the Inability to Pay Bail Affects Case Outcomes
  • Megan T. Stevenson
  • Political Science
  • 2018
Instrumenting for detention status with the bail-setting propensities of rotating magistrates I find that pretrial detention leads to a 13% increase in the likelihood of being convicted, an effectExpand
Expungement of Criminal Convictions: An Empirical Study
Laws permitting the expungement of criminal convictions are a key component of modern criminal justice reform efforts and have been the subject of a recent upsurge in legislative activity. ThisExpand
The Deterrent Effects of Prison: Evidence from a Natural Experiment
The Collective Clemency Bill passed by the Italian Parliament in July 2006 represents a natural experiment to analyze the behavioral response of individuals to an exogenous manipulation of prisonExpand
The Effects of Pre-Trial Detention on Conviction, Future Crime, and Employment: Evidence from Randomly Assigned Judges
Over 20 percent of prison and jail inmates in the United States are currently awaiting trial, but little is known about the impact of pre-trial detention on defendants. This paper uses the detentionExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...