The diel vertical migration of cladoceran zooplankton in LakeVesijärvi was studied after a distinct improvement of the waterquality following mass removal of fish. Four out of seven speciesshowed diurnal changes in vertical distribution. The two speciesdominating at 0–10 m, Bosmina crassicornis and Daphniacucullata, migrated reverse, while hypolimnetic Bosminalongispina and Ceriodaphnia quadrangula ascended at night.The migration did not cross the thermocline, suggesting thatzooplankton had a minor role in restricting the availability ofphosphorus for phytoplankton. The reverse migration in theepilimnion was likely connected to the feeding behaviour of thedominating planktivores. During night, smelt (Osmeruseperlanus (L.)) migrated from the hypolimnion to the surface tofeed on daphnids, while roach (Rutilus rutilus (L.)) thatinhabited the 5–15 m depth, was day-active and fed mainly on Bosmina. In the hypolimnion, the cladocerans used the low oxygenconcentration as a refuge and at night migrated to layers moreprofitable for feeding. This suggests that the predation by fishwas the ultimate factor of the vertical migration, but otherenvironmental factors determined its magnitude.