Disturbing Behaviours: Ole Ivar Lovaas and the Queer History of Autism Science

@article{Gibson2018DisturbingBO,
  title={Disturbing Behaviours: Ole Ivar Lovaas and the Queer History of Autism Science},
  author={Margaret F. Gibson and Patty Douglas},
  journal={Catalyst: Feminism, Theory, Technoscience},
  year={2018}
}
This paper “queers” the history of autism science through an examination of the overlap between the regulation of autism with that of gender and sexuality in the work of Ole Ivar Lovaas. Lovaas is the founder of Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA), the most commonly used and funded autism intervention today that seeks to extinguish autistic behaviors, primarily among children. Less commonly recognized is Lovaas’ involvement in the Feminine Boy Project, where he developed interventions into the… 

Autism, Queer Identity, And Applied Behavior Analysis: A Case Study In Multiple Minority Identity Development

Despite an increased interest in identity development and expression at the intersection of queerness and disability, most existing literature fails to address the role of outside factors in

Re-storying autism: a body becoming disability studies in education approach

ABSTRACT This paper presents and analyzes six short first-person films produced through a collaborative multimedia storytelling workshop series focused on experiences of autism, education and

“Building a Person”: Legal and Clinical Personhood for Autistic and Trans Children in Ontario

  • Jake Pyne
  • Psychology
    Canadian Journal of Law and Society / Revue Canadienne Droit et Société
  • 2020
Abstract In the 1960s and 1970s, psychologists at the University of California, Los Angeles, operated two behaviour modification programs: one aiming to eliminate “feminine” behaviours in male-bodied

Neuroqueerness as Fugitive Practice: Reading Against the Grain of Applied Behavioral Analysis Scholarship

In its relatively short lifespan, applied behavioral analysis—the shaping of human behavior through operant conditioning—has risen to a state of eminence in the teaching and treatment of autistic

Neurodiversity and Autism Intervention: Reconciling Perspectives Through a Naturalistic Developmental Behavioral Intervention Framework

TLDR
This commentary argues that Naturalistic Developmental Behavioral Interventions (NDBIs) hold promise for bridging the gap between early intervention and the neurodiversity movement, and recognizes NDBIs have much room to grow.

Canadian Journal of Disability Studies Published by the Canadian Disability Studies Association Association Canadienne des Études sur le handicap Hosted by The University of Waterloo www.cjds.uwaterloo Neuroqueer(ing) Noise: Beyond ‘Mere Inclusion’ in a Neurodiverse Early Childhood Classroom

Inclusion, as it is understood in a British education context, usually refers to the integration of children with dis/abilities into a mainstream school. However, rather than transform the school,

LGBTQ+ conversion therapy and applied behavior analysis: A call to action.

TLDR
This paper calls for continued discussion and review of previously published conversion therapy papers according to present-day guidelines for ethical research, position statements from professional organizations, additional ethics guidelines for behavior- Analytic practice, and future behavior-analytic research and practice efforts that support LGBTQ+ people.

Autistic Disruptions, Trans Temporalities

The desire for transgender futures has grown exponentially in recent years, but many of these futures are traps, concealing a demand to assume normative and neoliberal priorities in exchange for

Autistic sociality on Twitter: Enacted affordances and affiliation strategies

TLDR
An argument for combining systematic observation of digital practices with analysis of evaluative language in order to provide a situated account of ‘autistic sociality’ in social media is put forward.

Plasma donation at the border: Feminist technoscience, bodies and race

This article argues that feminist technoscience studies can enrich our understanding of biopolitics by challenging the body’s boundaries and focusing on mundane practices of security. To do so, this

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 62 REFERENCES

War on autism: on the cultural logic of normative violence

information at the end of each chapter regarding other chapters of potential interest. to the credit of the editors, they have also contributed significant content through their own chapters. Perhaps

Constructing Autism: Unravelling the 'Truth' and Understanding the Social

Autism is now considered to be one of the most common developmental disorders today, yet 100 years ago the term did not exist. This book examines the historical and social events that enabled autism

Autism and Gender: From Refrigerator Mothers to Computer Geeks

The reasons behind the increase in autism diagnoses have become hotly contested in the media as well as within the medical, scholarly, and autistic communities. Jordynn Jack suggests the

Autism, Expert Discourses, and Subjectification: A Critical Examination of Applied Behavioural Therapies

Applied behavioural therapies are widely adopted interventions that have become the standard of healthcare and expert knowledge for autistic people in Canada. These therapies are methods of

Authoring autism: on rhetoric and neurological queerness

Curran, T., and K. Runswick-Cole. 2014. “Disabled Children’s Childhood Studies: A Distinct Approach?” Disability & Society 29 (10): 1617–1630. Konstantoni, K., and A. Emejulu. 2017. “When

Autism, "recovery (to normalcy)", and the politics of hope.

  • A. Broderick
  • Sociology
    Intellectual and developmental disabilities
  • 2009
TLDR
It is asserted that moral and political commitments should be central sources of visions of hope and, therefore, inform educational policy and decision making for young children with labels of autism.

Understanding Autism: Parents, Doctors, and the History of a Disorder

Acknowledgments ix Introduction: Love as an Analytic Tool 1 Part One Chapter 1: Research Programs, "Autistic Disturbances,"and Human Difference 29 Chapter 2: Love Is Not Enough: Bruno Bettelheim,

The behavioral treatment of a “transsexual” preadolescent boy

TLDR
Behavioral treatment procedures were developed to suppress feminine sex-typed behaviors and to increase masculine sex-TYped behaviors in an 8-year-old boy with “childhood cross-gender identity,” holding promise for correcting pathological gender identity development in boys and for relieving the associated emotional adjustment problems.

Behavioral treatment of deviant sex-role behaviors in a male child.

TLDR
This study demonstrated reinforcement control over pronounced feminine behaviors in a male child who had been psychologically evaluated as manifesting "childhood cross-gender identity" and suggests a preliminary step toward correcting pathological sex-role development in boys.

Cultural Locations of Disability

TLDR
This important study explains how disabled people are instrumental to charting the passage from a disciplinary society to one based upon regulation of the self.
...